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General Paper Modeling Discussion => On This Date => Topic started by: Vermin King on January 01, 2018, 12:50:22 PM

Title: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 01, 2018, 12:50:22 PM
January 1, 1942 United Nations Formed

(http://downloads.unmultimedia.org/photo/medium/313/31319.jpg)

Quote
On this day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue a declaration, signed by representatives of 26 countries, called the “United Nations.” The signatories of the declaration vowed to create an international postwar peacekeeping organization.

On December 22, 1941, Churchill arrived in Washington, D.C., for the Arcadia Conference, a discussion with President Roosevelt about a unified Anglo-American war strategy and a future peace. The attack on Pearl Harbor meant that the U.S. was involved in the war, and it was important for Great Britain and America to create and project a unified front against Axis powers. Toward that end, Churchill and Roosevelt created a combined general staff to coordinate military strategy against both Germany and Japan and to draft a plan for a future joint invasion of the Continent.

Among the most far-reaching achievements of the Arcadia Conference was the United Nations agreement. Led by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, the signatories agreed to use all available resources to defeat the Axis powers. It was agreed that no single country would sue for a separate peace with Germany, Italy, or Japan-they would act in concert. Perhaps most important, the signatories promised to pursue the creation of a future international peacekeeping organization dedicated to ensuring “life, liberty, independence, and religious freedom, and to preserve the rights of man and justice.”
  ...History.com

Two models today.  The UN building and the VAB
http://www.buildyourownnewyork.com/about.html
http://myhobbycraft.blogspot.com/2011/03/vab-indonesian-un-peacekeepers-135.html
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 02, 2018, 12:53:50 PM
January 2, 1974, Nixon Signs National Speed Limit into Law

Quote
On this day in 1974, President Richard M. Nixon signs the Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act, setting a new national maximum speed limit.

Prior to 1974, individual states set speed limits within their boundaries and highway speed limits across the country ranged from 40 mph to 80 mph. The U.S. and other industrialized nations enjoyed easy access to cheap Middle Eastern oil from 1950 to 1972, but the Arab-Israeli conflict changed that dramatically in 1973. Arab members of the Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) protested the West’s support of Israel in the Yom Kippur War by stopping oil shipments to the United States, Japan and Western Europe. OPEC also flexed its new-found economic muscle by quadrupling oil prices, placing a choke-hold on America’s oil-hungry consumers and industries. The embargo had a global impact, sending the U.S. and European economies into recession. As part of his response to the embargo, President Nixon signed a federal law lowering all national highway speed limits to 55 mph. The act was intended to force Americans to drive at speeds deemed more fuel-efficient, thereby curbing the U.S. appetite for foreign oil. With it, Nixon ushered in a policy of fuel conservation and rationing not seen since World War II.


The act also prohibited the Department of Transportation from approving or funding any projects within states that did not comply with the new speed limit. Most states quietly adjusted their speed limits, though Western states, home to the country’s longest, straightest and most monotonous rural highways, only grudgingly complied. Even after OPEC lifted the embargo in March 1974, drivers continued to face high gas prices and attempted to conserve fuel by buying revolutionary Japanese economy cars. For many, a desire for fuel-efficient automobiles became the standard until the trend toward gas-guzzling sport-utility vehicles (SUVs) emerged in the 1990s. In 1987, Congress authorized states to reset speed limits within their borders, but proponents of the national maximum speed limit law claimed it lowered automobile-related fatalities, prompting Congress to keep it on the books until finally repealing it on November 28, 1995.


Today speed limits across the country vary between 35 and 40 mph in congested urban areas and 75 mph on long stretches of rural highway. U.S. drivers now drive almost as fast as their European counterparts, who average between 75 and 80 mph on the highway. On some roads in Italy, it is legal to drive as fast as 95 mph.
  ...History.com

Welcome the Dark Ages of the U.S. auto industry.

(http://autoroundup.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Plymouth-advertising-K-Car.jpg)

OMG!  U.S. car companies had no clue about how to do fuel-efficient, low emissions vehicles.  So, we get the Gremlin, Pacer, Pinto, Chevette, Vega, Omni, Aries, Reliant, etc., etc.

So the movies took us on high speed races across the country in muscle cars, and on TV we see Ricardo Montalban pushing K-cars.  Movies also took us into space with more Sci Fi films.  Folks didn't want to see a future where all driving was in under-powered, ugly cars.  They dreamed bigger.

But movies don't fully allow you to escape the reality of daily life.  Enter Star Trek: The Wrath of Khan where we see Ricardo Montalban toodling around in a Reliant, not Plymouth, but the USS variety.

For today's model (since there are few models of the awful cars)  we are going with the USS Reliant, http://www7a.biglobe.ne.jp/~sf-papercraft/sf/reliant.html, from SFPapercraft

(http://www7a.biglobe.ne.jp/~sf-papercraft/sf/reliant/r2.jpg)
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 03, 2018, 01:42:17 PM
January 3, 1521 Luther Excommunicated

(http://padresteve.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/20080102-luther.jpg)

Quote
On January 3, 1521, Pope Leo X issues the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem, which excommunicates Martin Luther from the Catholic Church.

Martin Luther, the chief catalyst of Protestantism, was a professor of biblical interpretation at the University of Wittenberg in Germany when he drew up his 95 theses condemning the Catholic Church for its corrupt practice of selling indulgences, or the forgiveness of sins. He followed up the revolutionary work with equally controversial and groundbreaking theological works, and his fiery words set off religious reformers all across Europe.

In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic. Luther was protected by powerful German princes, however, and by his death in 1546, the course of Western civilization had been significantly altered.
  ...History.com

I saw this and immediately thought of Luther's church that Chris Stahl built, designed by his dad

(https://s20.postimg.org/ru8fy8ybx/cs_wittenberg_15.jpg)

You can find the build thread at http://www.papermodelers.com/forum/architectural-models/39072-martin-luther-s-church-wittenberg-germany.html?highlight=luther

Chris says that by PM'ing him with your email, he will send you the file
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 04, 2018, 10:45:54 AM
January 4, 1999 The Euro Debuts

Quote
On this day in 1999, for the first time since Charlemagne’s reign in the ninth century, Europe is united with a common currency when the “euro” debuts as a financial unit in corporate and investment markets. Eleven European Union (EU) nations (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain), representing some 290 million people, launched the currency in the hopes of increasing European integration and economic growth. Closing at a robust 1.17 U.S. dollars on its first day, the euro promised to give the dollar a run for its money in the new global economy. Euro cash, decorated with architectural images, symbols of European unity and member-state motifs, went into circulation on January 1, 2002, replacing the Austrian schilling, Belgian franc, Finnish markka, French franc, German mark, Italian lira, Irish punt, Luxembourg franc, Netherlands guilder, Portugal escudo and Spanish peseta. A number of territories and non-EU nations including Monaco and Vatican City also adopted the euro.

Conversion to the euro wasn’t without controversy. Despite the practical benefits of a common currency that would make it easier to do business and travel throughout Europe, there were concerns that the changeover process would be costly and chaotic, encourage counterfeiting, lead to inflation and cause individual nations to loose control over their economic policies. Great Britain, Sweden and Demark opted not to use the euro. Greece, after initially being excluded for failing to meet all the required conditions, adopted the euro in January 2001, becoming the 12th member of the so-called eurozone.

The euro was established by the 1992 Maastricht Treaty on European Union, which spelled out specific economic requirements, including high degree of price stability and low inflation, which countries must meet before they can begin using the new money. The euro consists of 8 coins and 7 paper bills. The Frankfurt-based European Central Bank (ECB) manages the euro and sets interest rates and other monetary policies. In 2004, 10 more countries joined the EU—-Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. Several of these countries plan to start using the euro in 2007, with the rest to follow in coming years.
... History.com

For the model, I only know of the Paper Replika Euro Piles, http://paper-replika.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=570:100-euro-piles-papercraft&catid=88&Itemid=207362

(http://cdn-2.paper-replika.com/images/stories/instructions/Others/100europiles/pic1.jpg)
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 05, 2018, 12:57:58 PM
January 5, 1939 Earhart Declared Dead

(https://static.thisdayinaviation.com/wp-content/uploads/tdia//2016/01/266675d9b2f601298a1113e36182864d.jpg)

Quote
5 January 1939: After she had been missing for 18 months, Judge Clarence Elliot Craig of the Superior Court of the County of Los Angeles County declared Amelia Mary Earhart legally dead in absentia,¹ at the request of her husband, George Palmer Putnam II. She and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared while enroute from Lae, Territory of New Guinea, to Howland Island in the Central Pacific, 2 July 1937.

George Palmer Putnam and Amelia Earhart had met in 1928 while he was interviewing prospects for a transatlantic flight to be sponsored by Mrs. Amy Phipps Guest. She was selected to make the flight and became the first woman to fly the Atlantic Ocean, aboard Donald Woodward’s Fokker F.VIIb/3m, Friendship, which was flown by Wilmer Stutz and Louis Gordon. (See This Day in Aviation, 17–18 June 1928) They were married 7 February 1931 at his parents’ home in Noank, Connecticut.

Judge Craig appointed Mr. Putnam as the executor of Earhart’s estate, which contemporary news reports said was “estimated at more than $10,000.”

Less than five months later, on 21 May 1939, Mr. Putnam married Mrs. Jean-Marie Cosigny James, an author, at Boulder City, Nevada. This was Putnam’s third marriage. It would end in divorce in 1945.
...This Day in Aviation

For the model, it is in the downloads at PM.com, http://www.papermodelers.com/forum/vbdownloads.php?do=download&downloadid=2044
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 06, 2018, 03:50:22 PM
January 6-8, 1928  Quilali, Nicaragua

(https://static.thisdayinaviation.com/wp-content/uploads/tdia//2016/01/Screen-Shot-2017-01-05-at-12.39.32.png)

The above photo shows 1st Lieutenant Christian Frank Schilt, United States Marine Corps, receiving the Medal of Honor from Calvin Coolidge on June 9, 1928 for his actions in Nicaragua

Quote
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in present the Medal of Honor to

FIRST LIEUTENANT CHRISTIAN F. SCHILT

UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS

for service as set forth in the following

CITATION:

For extraordinary heroism while serving with Marine Observation Squadron 7/M (VO-7M) in action during the progress of an insurrection at Quilali, Nicaragua, 6, 7, and 8 January 1928, Lieutenant Schilt, then a member of a Marine Expedition which had suffered severe losses in killed and wounded, volunteered under almost impossible conditions to evacuate the wounded by air, and transport a relief commanding officer to assume charge of a very serious situation. First Lieutenant Schilt bravely undertook this dangerous and important task and, by taking off a total of 10 times in the rough, rolling street of a partially burning village, under hostile infantry fire on each occasion, succeeded in accomplishing his mission, thereby actually saving three lives and bringing supplies and aid to others in desperate need.

Quote
In 1926, civil war broke out in Nicaragua. United States Marines were sent in to establish a protected sector for American citizens who were in the country (this is known as the Second Nicaraguan Campaign). First Lieutenant Schilt, a Naval Aviator since 1919, was assigned to an observation squadron at Managua in November 1927. On 6 January 1928, rebel soldiers ambushed to U.S. Marine patrols at the village of Quilali. The Marines were cut off, unable to be re-supplied or to have the wounded men evacuated. Lieutenant Schilt volunteered to fly into the village and land on a road, carrying supplies and flying the wounded men out. Conditions were difficult, with low clouds, surrounding mountains and hostile gunfire on landing and takeoff.

Over three days, Schilt made ten flights, bringing out 18 wounded Marines and flying in a replacement commander and badly-needed medical supplies. To make a landing strip on the village’s rough, rolling, main street, the Marines on the ground had to burn and level part of the town, and since the plane had no brakes they had to stop it by dragging from its wings as soon as it touched down.

The Chance Vought O2U-1 Corsair was a two-seat, single-engine biplane used for reconnaissance. It was 24 feet, 8 inches (7.519 meters) long with a wingspan of 34 feet, 6 inches (10.516 meters) and height of 10 feet, ½ inch (3.060 meters). It had an empty weight of 2,342 pounds (1,062.3 kilograms) and gross weight of 3,635 pounds (1,648.8 kilograms).

The 02U-1 was powered by an air-cooled, supercharged, 1,343.804-cubic-inch-displacement (22.021 liter) Pratt & Whitney Wasp C (R-1340-88) 9-cylinder radial engine with a compression ratio of 5.25:1. This was a direct drive engine, rated at 450 horsepower at 2,100 r.p.m, at Sea Level.

The O2U-1 had a maximum speed of 151 miles per hour (243 kilometers per hour) at Sea Level. Its service ceiling was 22,500 feet (6,858 meters) and the maximum range was 880 miles (1,416 kilometers) at cruise speed.

Armament consisted of two fixed .30-caliber Browning machine guns, and one or two .30-caliber Lewis machine guns on a flexible mount in the aft cockpit.

Vought produced 291 O2U Corsairs between 1926 and 1930.
...ThisDayinAviation

For the model, I'll go with Bruno's Vought O2U, https://www.ecardmodels.com/index.php/1-100-vought-o2u-corsair-usmc-nr-14-s-4-paper-model.html

This is one of those days when one is almost thankful that pirate sites archive models that are no longer available.  Almost.  It's Norman's (Daryl Dixon's) birthday.  All of those Daryl Dixon paper models are gone, and some of the old sites open you up to malicious software if you attempt to do an end-around to get at them.  Luckily, I got that nonsense thwarted.  But it seems the only way to safely get those models is to hit the pirate sites.  A real shame.

I think I might be a bit gun-shy on trying to get at unavailable models for a while.  I had another issue trying to get at an amulet from Supernatural that I just happened to see.  And another issue trying to get at a model from the Norman Conquest.  Be careful out there and make sure you keep your anti-virus up to date
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 07, 2018, 03:01:18 PM
January 7, 1947 Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer Hits #1

(http://www.vinylvendors.com/Pictures/g/e/geneautry399000.jpg)

Quote
You know Dasher and Dancer and Prancer and Vixen because of the 1824 poem “A Visit From St. Nicholas” (aka “‘Twas the Night Before Christmas”), but your knowledge of Rudolph—the most famous reindeer of all—comes courtesy of a department store copywriter named Robert L. May, May’s songwriter brother-in-law who set his words to music and the singing cowboy who made a household name of May’s creation.

The story of “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” begins in 1939 at Montgomery Ward, the Chicago-based retail and catalog giant. Seeking a cheaper holiday giveaway than the children’s coloring books they had purchased and distributed in years past, Montgomery Ward asked its own marketing department to create a new and original Christmas storybook from scratch. The task fell to May, a family man with a four-year-old daughter. The story that May wrote was given away to more than 2 million Montgomery Ward customers in 1939. It was not until May’s brother-in-law adapted the story into song almost 10 years later, however, that “Rudolph” truly entered the national consciousness.

May’s brother-in-law was a professional songwriter named Johnny Marks, best known for works like “Rockin’ Around the Christmas Tree” (1958) and “A Holly Jolly Christmas” (1962) in addition to “Rudolph.” In 1949, Marks’ song found its way to radio legend Gene Autry, the original Singing Cowboy, whose recording of “Rudolph” sold more than 2 million units in its first year alone on its way to becoming the second-most successful Christmas record in history (after “White Christmas”).

It is at this point in the story of “Rudolph” when those with a nose for legal issues begin to wonder who owned the rights to the beloved Christmas story and money-making juggernaut. In fact, as a paid employee of Montgomery Ward, author Robert L. May had no legal claim whatsoever to an ownership stake in “Rudolph.” Furthermore, May was a widowed single father by 1947, facing enormous debts as a result of his wife’s terminal illness. Yet in a twist that will boggle the minds and warm the hearts of those hardened to the ways of modern American capitalism, the president of Montgomery Ward, one Sewell Avery, signed over to Robert L. May 100 percent of the “Rudolph” copyright in January 1947. May lived comfortably on the royalties from “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” until his death in 1976.
  ...History.com

Since the paperclans.it Rudolph can't be picked up through Wayback Machine, I will go with this one, http://bocchinokamiasobi.web.fc2.com/details5001098.html

(http://bocchinokamiasobi.web.fc2.com/tuna1-2_4_ro.jpg)
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 08, 2018, 12:53:44 PM
January 8, 1642 Galileo Dies

Quote
Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei dies in Italy at age 77. Born February 15, 1564, Galileo has been referred to as the “father of modern astronomy,” the “father of modern physics” and the “father of science” due to his revolutionary discoveries. The first person to use a telescope to observe the skies, Galileo discovered the moons of Jupiter, the rings of Saturn, sunspots and the solar rotation.

After Galileo published his confirmation that the Earth orbits the Sun, in favor of the Copernican system, he was charged with heresies (ideas that ran counter to teaching of the church) by the Inquisition—the legal body of the Catholic church. He was found guilty in 1633 and sentenced to life imprisonment but due to his age and poor health he was allowed to serve out his sentence under house arrest.
...History.com

At one time there was a model of Galileo's telescope, which may or may not have been a decent replica.  Not sure.  But since I can no longer access it through Wayback Machine, it doesn't matter.

So, let's go with Dave's Galileo shuttle, http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/specialz.html

(http://i1125.photobucket.com/albums/l588/cutandfold/KoolWheelz/Galileo001.jpg)
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 09, 2018, 01:21:02 PM
January 9, 1965  Goldfinger Opens

(https://s17.postimg.org/vffmo0jzf/Aston-_Martin-_DB5-_James-_Bond-_Goldfinger_68.jpg) (https://postimg.org/image/vffmo0jzf/)

Quote
On this day in 1965, the James Bond movie “Goldfinger,” which features the suave British super-spy driving an Aston Martin Silver Birch DB5 sports car, opens in theaters across the U.S. Aston Martins would go on to appear in a number of other Bond films.

Aston Martin’s roots date back to 1913, when Robert Bamford and Lionel Martin formed a company in London to sell Singer cars. The following year, the men changed the name of their business to Aston Martin (in honor of Lionel Martin’s successful performances at hill climb races at Aston Clinton in Buckinghamshire, England) and eventually began producing their own high-quality sports cars. By the 1920s, Aston Martin cars were racing in international competitions, including the French Grand Prix and the 24 Hours of Le Mans. In 1947, British industrialist David Brown bought Aston Martin and the next year launched the DB1 (the name comes from his initials). In 1959, an Aston Martin DBR1 took first place at the 24 Hours of Le Mans; the company also won the World Sports Car Championship that year. (Afterward, the company took a lengthy hiatus from racing, returning again in 2004.

In 1987, Ford Motor Company took a 75 percent stake in Aston Martin, which by then had gone through several owners; Ford assumed full ownership in 1994. In 2007, Ford sold Aston Martin to a group of investors for a reported $925 million. At the time, Aston Martin made around 5,000 cars per year, each carrying a price tag of more than $100,000.

The DB5 went into production in 1963 and the elegant coupe was featured in “Goldfinger,” which debuted in Great Britain in 1964. The DB5 also appeared in such movies as “Thunderball” and “GoldenEye.” “Die Another Day,” which premiered in 2002 and starred Pierce Brosnan, featured an Aston Martin V12 Vanquish. In 2006, “Casino Royale,” starring Daniel Craig, featured an Aston Martin DBS.

James Bond was the creation of British author Ian Fleming (1908-1964), whose first Bond book, “Casino Royale,” was published in 1953. Fleming, who came from a well-to-do family in London, worked as a foreign correspondent, stockbroker and personal assistant to Britain’s director of naval intelligence during World War II, experiences that would provide fodder for his best-selling Bond books. The first Bond film, “Dr. No,” was released in 1962 and starred Sean Connery, who also played Bond in “Goldfinger” (as well as five other movies). Since that time, five more actors–George Lazenby, Roger Moore, Timothy Dalton, Pierce Brosnan and Daniel Craig–have portrayed the world’s most famous fictional spy in what has become one of the most lucrative movie franchises in history. Fast cars and high-tech gadgetry have played a central role in all Bond films.
...History.com

You can get Dave's DB5 at http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/starcarz.html

(https://s17.postimg.org/707emgkx7/20171007_104517.jpg) (https://postimg.org/image/707emgkx7/)
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 10, 2018, 12:19:32 PM
January 10, 1944  William Sanderson Born

(http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_ja51IYJlbws/SpbAJgkWOAI/AAAAAAAACeA/YnrqZHA8MzU/s400/Blade-Runner-10100007.jpg)

Yup, J.F. Sebastian from Blade Runner.

Yes, this is just another excuse to feature Blade Runner models.  On the other hand, he is an interesting character with more credits than I realized.  He is also a lawyer. 

But onto the models, Dave has quite a collection at http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/starcarz.html
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Dave Winfield on January 10, 2018, 04:53:16 PM
Three in a row! wow!

Honest folks, he posts whatever he wants.
I have nothing to do with this! LOL
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 10, 2018, 07:35:23 PM
Actually, these were the ones that caught my eye.

I tried to find the Galileo telescope, but now I can't even find any references to it.

Maybe I am subconsciously trying to make amends for how far behind I am getting in building your catalog of models, and for my desecration of your model of the Purple Plymouth Prowler.
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 11, 2018, 02:22:32 PM
January 11, 1962 Stratofortress Record Flight

(http://static.thisdayinaviation.com/wp-content/uploads/tdia//2013/01/xOperation-Persian-Rug.jpg.pagespeed.ic.A2pSWoqikE.jpg)

Quote
11 January 1962: Colonel Clyde P. Evely, United States Air Force, and his crew flew their Boeing B-52H-150-BW Stratofortress, 60-0040, of the 4136th Strategic Wing, from Kadena Air Force Base, Okinawa to Torrejon Air Base, Spain. Called Operation Persian Rug, this was an unrefueled 21 hour, 52 minute flight that covered 12,532.30 miles (20,168.78 kilometers) at an average 604.44 miles per hour (972.75 kilometers per hour) and set 11 Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), several of which still stand. Seven National Aeronautic Association records for speed over a recognized course also are current.

Others on the flight were Major Robert Carson and Captain Henry V. Sienkiewicz, second pilot and co-pilot; Major Edmund Bible, navigator; Major Dwight Baker, radar navigator; Captain Edward McLaughlin, electronics warfare officer; 1st Lieutenant William Telford, second navigator; and Master Sergeant Richard Posten, gunner.

FAI Record File Num #8647 [Direct Link]
 Status: ratified – retired by changes of the sporting code
 Region: World
 Class: C (Powered Aeroplanes)
 Sub-Class: C-1 (Landplanes)
 Category: Not applicable
 Group: 3 : turbo-jet
 Type of record: Distance
 Performance: 20 168.78 km
 Date: 1962-01-11
 Course/Location: Okinawa (Japan) – Madrid (Spain)
 Claimant Clyde P. Evely (USA)
 Aeroplane: Boeing B-52H
 Engines: 8 Pratt & Whitney TF-33(military desig.for JT-3D)

FAI Record File Num #16481 [Direct Link]
 Status: ratified – retired by changes of the sporting code
 Region: World
 Class: C (Powered Aeroplanes)
 Sub-Class: C-1 (Landplanes)
 Category: Not applicable
 Group: 3 : turbo-jet
 Type of record: Speed over a recognised course
 Performance: 929.30 km/h
 Date: 1962-01-11
 Course/Location: Okinawa (Japan) – Madrid (Spain)
 Claimant Clyde P. Evely (USA)
 Aeroplane: Boeing B-52H
 Engines: 8 Pratt & Whitney TF-33(military desig.for JT-3D)

FAI Record File Num #16483 [Direct Link]
 Status: ratified – retired by changes of the sporting code
 Region: World
 Class: C (Powered Aeroplanes)
 Sub-Class: C-1 (Landplanes)
 Category: Not applicable
 Group: 3 : turbo-jet
 Type of record: Speed over a recognised course
 Performance: 972.75 km/h
 Date: 1962-01-11
 Course/Location: Okinawa (Japan) – Madrid (Spain)
 Claimant Clyde P. Evely (USA)
 Aeroplane: Boeing B-52H (60040)
 Engines: 8 Pratt & Whitney TF-33(military desig.for JT-3D)
...ThisDayinAviation

For the model, I'm going with the Pilsworth B-52H at http://www.papermodelers.com/forum/vbdownloads.php?do=download&downloadid=700
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 12, 2018, 01:28:30 PM
January 12, 1879 British-Zulu War Begins

(https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/f1/5d/29/f15d295be4ab2a775f7907bed76dcdb6.jpg)

Quote
The British-Zulu War begins as British troops under Lieutenant General Frederic Augustus invade Zululand from the southern African republic of Natal.

In 1843, Britain succeeded the Boers as the rulers of Natal, which controlled Zululand, the neighboring kingdom of the Zulu people. Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers who came to South Africa in the 17th century. Zulus, a migrant people from the north, also came to southern Africa during the 17th century, settling around the Tugela River region.

In 1838, the Boers, migrating north to elude the new British dominions in the south, first came into armed conflict with the Zulus, who were under the rule of King Dingane at the time. The European migrants succeeded in overthrowing Dingane in 1840, replacing him with his son Mpande, who became a vassal of the new Boer republic of Natal. In 1843, the British took over Natal and Zululand.

In 1872, King Mpande died and was succeeded by his son Cetshwayo, who was determined to resist European domination in his territory. In December 1878, Cetshwayo rejected the British demand that he disband his troops, and in January British forces invaded Zululand to suppress Cetshwayo. The British suffered grave defeats at Isandlwana, where 1,300 British soldiers were killed or wounded, and at Hlobane Mountain, but on March 29 the tide turned in favor of the British at the Battle of Khambula.

At Ulundi in July, Cetshwayo’s forces were utterly routed, and the Zulus were forced to surrender to the British. In 1887, faced with continuing Zulu rebellions, the British formally annexed Zululand, and in 1897 it became a part of Natal, which joined the Union of South Africa in 1910.
...History.com

You can still get the Zio figures at http://web.archive.org/web/20130707142423/http://www.zioprudenzio.it:80/fok-sold.html
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 13, 2018, 02:37:11 PM
January 13, 1128 Pope Recognizes Knights Templar

(https://wendylovesjesus.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/jacques-de-molay.jpg)

Quote
On this day in 1128, Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God.

Led by the Frenchman Hughes de Payens, the Knights Templar organization was founded in 1118. Its self-imposed mission was to protect Christian pilgrims on their way to and from the Holy Land during the Crusades, the series of military expeditions aimed at defeating Muslims in Palestine. For a while, the Templars had only nine members, mostly due to their rigid rules. In addition to having noble birth, the knights were required to take strict vows of poverty, obedience and chastity. In 1127, new promotional efforts convinced many more noblemen to join the order, gradually increasing its size and influence.

By the time the Crusades ended unsuccessfully in the early 14th century, the order had grown extremely wealthy, provoking the jealousy of both religious and secular powers. In 1307, King Philip IV of France and Pope Clement V combined to take down the Knights Templar, arresting the grand master, Jacques de Molay, on charges of heresy, sacrilege and Satanism. Under torture, Molay and other leading Templars confessed and were eventually burned at the stake. Clement dissolved the Templars in 1312.

The modern-day Catholic Church has admitted that the persecution of the Knights Templar was unjustified and claimed that Pope Clement was pressured by secular rulers to dissolve the order. Over the centuries, myths and legends about the Templars have grown, including the belief that they may have discovered holy relics at Temple Mount, including the Holy Grail, the Ark of the Covenant or parts of the cross from Christ’s crucifixion. The imagined secrets of the Templars have inspired various books and movies, including the blockbuster novel and film The Da Vinci Code.
  ...History.com

Huh, how did Zio not do a Templar Knight?  JOssorio didn't do a shield.  Can't even find a pirated ABC model. 

I suppose I could do the Tektonten Masonic Medallion, https://tektonten.blogspot.com/2009/03/national-treasure-papercraft-masonic.html

But I guess we'll go with the Ravensblight Broadsword, http://ravensblight.com/Broadsword.html
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 14, 2018, 04:59:21 PM
January 14, 1924 Guy Williams Born

(http://www.cordcuttersnews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Lost-in-Space.jpg)

Of course he had two more episodes of Lost in Space than he had of Zorro, so we'll go with Dave's Jupiter II and Chariot at http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/specialz.html
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 15, 2018, 02:27:08 PM
January 15, 1559  Elizabeth I Crowned

(https://collectionimages.npg.org.uk/large/mw02072/Queen-Elizabeth-I.jpg)

Quote
Two months after the death of her half-sister, Queen Mary I of England, Elizabeth Tudor, the 25-year-old daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, is crowned Queen Elizabeth I at Westminster Abbey in London.

The two half-sisters, both daughters of Henry VIII, had a stormy relationship during Mary’s five-year reign. Mary, who was brought up as a Catholic, enacted pro-Catholic legislation and made efforts to restore papal supremacy in England. A Protestant rebellion ensued, and Queen Mary imprisoned Elizabeth, a Protestant, in the Tower of London on suspicion of complicity. After Mary’s death, Elizabeth survived several Catholic plots against her; although her ascension was greeted with approval by most of England’s lords, who were largely Protestant and hoped for greater religious tolerance under a Protestant queen. Under the early guidance of Secretary of State Sir William Cecil, Elizabeth repealed Mary’s pro-Catholic legislation, established a permanent Protestant Church of England, and encouraged the Calvinist reformers in Scotland.

In foreign affairs, Elizabeth practiced a policy of strengthening England’s Protestant allies and dividing her foes. Elizabeth was opposed by the pope, who refused to recognize her legitimacy, and by Spain, a Catholic nation that was at the height of its power. In 1588, English-Spanish rivalry led to an abortive Spanish invasion of England in which the Spanish Armada, the greatest naval force in the world at the time, was destroyed by storms and a persistent English navy.

With increasing English domination at sea, Elizabeth encouraged voyages of discovery, such as Sir Francis Drake’s circumnavigation of the world and Sir Walter Raleigh’s expeditions to the North American coast.

The long reign of Elizabeth, who became known as the “Virgin Queen” for her reluctance to endanger her authority through marriage, coincided with the flowering of the English Renaissance, associated with such renowned authors as William Shakespeare. By her death in 1603, England had become a major world power in every respect, and Queen Elizabeth I passed into history as one of England’s greatest monarchs.
...History.com

Okay, she was imprisoned in the Tower of London, but she must have been treated well there, because she stayed in the Tower until the coronation.  By the way, you know those cutesie roofs on the four small towers, those were added by Elizabeth's dad, Henry VIII.  As London became more of a center of commerce, Henry thought the Tower of London needed a make-over.  It was suggested that these additions would add a certain class to the structure without destroying the history.  Not a bad choice.

For the model, I'm going with the Canon model of the Tower of London, http://cp.c-ij.com/en/contents/CNT-0011747/index.html
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 16, 2018, 01:13:42 PM
January 16, 1991 Operation Desert Storm Begins

(https://www.histocast.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/DesertStormMap_v2.png)

Quote
At midnight in Iraq, the United Nations deadline for the Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait expires, and the Pentagon prepares to commence offensive operations to forcibly eject Iraq from its five-month occupation of its oil-rich neighbor. At 4:30 p.m. EST, the first fighter aircraft were launched from Saudi Arabia and off U.S. and British aircraft carriers in the Persian Gulf on bombing missions over Iraq. All evening, aircraft from the U.S.-led military coalition pounded targets in and around Baghdad as the world watched the events transpire in television footage transmitted live via satellite from Baghdad and elsewhere. At 7:00 p.m., Operation Desert Storm, the code-name for the massive U.S.-led offensive against Iraq, was formally announced at the White House.

The operation was conducted by an international coalition under the command of U.S. General Norman Schwarzkopf and featured forces from 32 nations, including Britain, Egypt, France, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. During the next six weeks, the allied force engaged in a massive air war against Iraq’s military and civil infrastructure, and encountered little effective resistance from the Iraqi air force or air defenses. Iraqi ground forces were helpless during this stage of the war, and Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein’s only significant retaliatory measure was the launching of SCUD missile attacks against Israel and Saudi Arabia. Saddam hoped that the missile attacks would provoke Israel to enter the conflict, thus dissolving Arab support of the war. At the request of the United States, however, Israel remained out of the war.

On February 24, a massive coalition ground offensive began, and Iraq’s outdated and poorly supplied armed forces were rapidly overwhelmed. Kuwait was liberated in less than four days, and a majority of Iraq’s armed forces surrendered, retreated into Iraq, or were destroyed. On February 28, President George H.W. Bush declared a cease-fire, and Iraq pledged to honor future coalition and U.N. peace terms. One hundred and twenty-five American soldiers were killed in the Persian Gulf War, with another 21 regarded as missing in action.

On March 20, 2003, a second war between Iraq and a U.S.-led coalition began, this time with the stated U.S. objective of removing Saddam Hussein from power and, ostensibly, finding and destroying the country’s weapons of mass destruction. Hussein was captured by a U.S. military unit on December 13, 2003. No weapons of mass destruction were found. Although U.S. President George W. Bush declared an end to major combat operations in Iraq on May 1, 2003, an insurgency has continued an intense guerrilla war in the nation that has resulted in thousands of coalition military, insurgent and civilian deaths.
  ...History.com

The audacity of Saddam Hussein in provoking the first gulf war is amazing.  Although it gets swept under the rug, his attack on Kuwait was in response to 'directional drilling' by Kuwait, stealing Iraqi oil.  But in spite of practically the whole world warning him of the consequences, he wouldn't back off.  Some of the most-extensive tank battles in history took place during the conflict.  Artillery from the ground and ships.  Iraqi Scud rockets.  All of the airstrikes.  But until you have boots on the ground, you haven't won.  I wouldn't say things would have ended differently without one particular aircraft, but things would certainly taken a lot longer without the close air support of the A-10.

So, I'm going to choose it for the model today, https://www.ecardmodels.com/index.php/1-54-a-10-thunderbolt-ii-paper-model.html

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/355thoperationsgroup-a10s.jpg)

So ugly and so beautiful
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Dave Winfield on January 16, 2018, 04:47:55 PM
hey, I got one of those! lol

https://www.ecardmodels.com/index.php/ww-a-10-thunderbolt-caricature-aircraft-a-10eh-thunderboot.html

(https://www.mediafire.com/convkey/3448/lqcovi4sd27czae6g.jpg)
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 16, 2018, 06:50:26 PM
Yes, you do, and that's the one I am going to request on my birthday in May
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 17, 2018, 04:18:48 PM
January 17, 1953  Corvette Prototype Unveiled

(http://www.vetteonline.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/33/files/2011/01/53Vette-0.jpg)

Quote
On this day in 1953, a prototype Chevrolet Corvette sports car makes its debut at General Motors’ (GM) Motorama auto show at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. The Corvette, named for a fast type of naval warship, would eventually become an iconic American muscle car and remains in production today.

In the early 1950s, Harley Earl (1893-1969), the influential head designer for GM, then the world’s largest automaker, became interested in developing a two-seat sports car. At the time, European automakers dominated the sports car market. Following the debut of the Corvette prototype at the Motorama show in January 1953, the first production Corvette was completed at a Flint, Michigan, plant on June 30, 1953. The car featured an all-fiberglass body, a white exterior and red interior, a relatively unremarkable 150-horsepower engine and a starting price tag of around $3,500 (not including taxes or an optional AM radio and heater). In an effort to give the Corvette an air of exclusivity, GM initially marketed the car to invitation-only VIP customers. This plan met with less-than-desirable results, as only a portion of the 300 Corvettes built that first year were sold. GM dropped the VIP policy the following year; however, Corvette sales continued to disappoint. In 1954, GM built around 3,600 of the 10,000 Corvettes it had planned, with almost a third of those cars remaining unsold by the start of 1955.

There was talk within GM of discontinuing the Corvette; however, GM rival Ford launched the sporty two-seat Thunderbird convertible in 1955 and the car quickly became a hit. GM didn’t want to discontinue the Corvette and look like a failure next to its Big Three competitor, so the car remained in production and performance enhancements were made. That same year, a Belgian-born, Russian-raised designer named Zora Arkus-Duntov became head engineer for Corvette and put the car on a course that would transform it into a legend. Duntov had applied to work at GM after seeing the Corvette prototype at the 1953 Motorama show. According to The New York Times: “Once hired, he pushed through the decision to turn the Corvette into a high-performance sports car with a succession of more powerful engines. Chevrolet offered a 195-horsepower engine on the 1955 Corvette, a 240-horsepower engine on the 1956 Corvette and a 283-horsepower engine on the 1957 model.” During the second half of the 1950s, Corvettes began setting speed records on the racing circuit. The car also got a publicity boost when it was featured on the TV show “Route 66,” which launched in 1960 and followed the story of two young men driving around America in a Corvette, looking for adventure.

In 1977, the 500,000th Corvette was built. Two years later, according to the Times, yearly Corvette production peaked at 53,807. In 1992, the 1-milllionth Corvette came off the assembly line in Bowling Green, Kentucky; the 1.5-millionth Corvette followed in 2009.
...History.com

(http://musclecarboss.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/53Corvette1st.jpg)

Unfortunately, the earliest version of the Corvette I could find is 1962, http://web.archive.org/web/20120716171254/http://www.daytona-mag.com/papercraft/
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 18, 2018, 12:25:53 PM
January 18, 1911 First Ship Landing of Aircraft

(http://static.thisdayinaviation.com/wp-content/uploads/tdia//2013/01/xELY-Eugene-B.-landing-aboard-USS-Pennsylvania-ACR-4-18-January-1911.jpg.pagespeed.ic.dyTjpsvn4C.jpg)

Quote
Taking off from the U.S. Army’s Selfridge Field (the closed Tanforan race track at San Bruno, California) at approximately 10:45 a.m., Eugene Burton Ely flew his Curtiss-Ely pusher to San Francisco Bay where he landed aboard the armored cruiser USS Pennsylvania (ACR-4) as it lay at anchor.

A temporary wooden deck had been erected aboard the ship at the Mare Island shipyard. Built of wood, it was 133 feet, 7 inches (40.7 meters) long and 31 feet, 6 inches (9.6 meters) wide. Twenty-two manila hemp cables were stretched across the deck at 3-foot (0.9-meter) intervals. These were to catch hooks mounted beneath Ely’s airplane and drag it to a stop. Each cable had a 50-pound (22.7 kilogram) sand bag at each end. The bags were precisely weighed so that the Curtiss would not slew to one side.  A guideway was laid out on the deck with 2-inch × 4-inch (5 × 10 centimeter) planks, and 2-foot (0.6-meter) high barriers were at each edge of the flight deck.

Captain Charles Fremont Pond, commanding Pennsylvania, offered to take the ship to sea in order that Ely would have the advantage of a head wind down the flight deck, but as winds in the bay were 10 to 15 miles per hour (4.5–6.7 meters per second), Ely elected to have the cruiser remain anchored.

About ten minutes after Ely took off, he was overhead the anchored ship. He set up his approach and when he was approximately 75 feet (23 meters) astern of Pennsylvania, he cut his engine and glided to a landing. The airplane was flying at about 40 miles per hour (64 kilometers per hour) when the hooks engaged the cables, which quickly slowed it to a stop. Eugene B. Ely landed aboard USS Pennsylvania at 11:01 a.m

This was the very first time that an airplane had landed aboard a ship. The use of arresting wires would become common with aircraft carrier operations.

Ely and his wife, Mabel, were guests of Captain Pond for lunch. Photographs were taken and 57 minutes after his landing, he took off for the return flight to Selfridge Field.

Ely unsuccessfully tried to interest the Navy in employing him as an aviator. He and Mabel traveled the country, “barnstorming,” making flight demonstrations and entering aviation meets. He was killed at Macon, Georgia, 19 October 1911, when he was unable to pull out of a dive.
...ThisDayinAviation

You can get your Curtiss Pusher at http://www.papermodelers.com/forum/vbdownloads.php?do=download&downloadid=808

I also want to thank WAG for pointing me to this model last year
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 19, 2018, 01:13:05 PM
January 19, 1809  Edgar Allan Poe Born

(https://nationalvanguard.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/Edgar_Poe-360x240.jpg)

Quote
On this day in 1809, poet, author and literary critic Edgar Allan Poe is born in Boston, Massachusetts.

By the time he was three years old, both of Poe’s parents had died, leaving him in the care of his godfather, John Allan, a wealthy tobacco merchant. After attending school in England, Poe entered the University of Virginia (UVA) in 1826. After fighting with Allan over his heavy gambling debts, he was forced to leave UVA after only eight months. Poe then served two years in the U.S. Army and won an appointment to West Point. After another falling-out, Allan cut him off completely and he got himself dismissed from the academy for rules infractions.

Dark, handsome and brooding, Poe had published three works of poetry by that time, none of which had received much attention. In 1836, while working as an editor at the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond, Virginia, Poe married his 13-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm. He also completed his first full-length work of fiction, Arthur Gordon Pym, published in 1838. Poe lost his job at the Messenger due to his heavy drinking, and the couple moved to Philadelphia, where Poe worked as an editor at Burton’s Gentleman’s Magazine and Graham’s Magazine. He became known for his direct and incisive criticism, as well as for dark horror stories like “The Fall of the House of Usher” and “The Tell-Tale Heart.” Also around this time, Poe began writing mystery stories, including “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” and “The Purloined Letter”–works that would earn him a reputation as the father of the modern detective story.

In 1844, the Poes moved to New York City. He scored a spectacular success the following year with his poem “The Raven.” While Poe was working to launch The Broadway Journal–which soon failed–his wife Virginia fell ill and died of tuberculosis in early 1847. His wife’s death drove Poe even deeper into alcoholism and drug abuse. After becoming involved with several women, Poe returned to Richmond in 1849 and got engaged to an old flame. Before the wedding, however, Poe died suddenly. Though circumstances are somewhat unclear, it appeared he began drinking at a party in Baltimore and disappeared, only to be found incoherent in a gutter three days later. Taken to the hospital, he died on October 7, 1849, at age 40.
  ...History.com

Maybe.  No one will know.  Many biographers suggest that Poe is a victim of having his obituary written by an arch enemy/former friend.  The drinking, opium addiction, and severe depression that he is known for is based mostly on the obituary and interviews with the writer.  Just weeks prior to his death, he was awarded a very lucrative position as managing editor of an established publication.  Engaged to his childhood sweetheart.  He could have been on a bender, or he could have overdosed, or he could have been a victim of foul play, or he could have had a medical condition.  We'll never know.

For the model, I'm going with the Ravensblight Raven, http://ravensblight.com/Raven.html
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 20, 2018, 03:21:33 AM
January 20, 1930 Buzz Aldrin Born

(http://img.theepochtimes.com/n3/eet-content/uploads/2014/07/Buzz-Aldrin.jpg)

Quote
Colonel Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., Sc.D., United States Air Force (Retired), was born at Glen Ridge, New Jersey.

After high school, he turned down a full scholarship to attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.) and instead went to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, graduating in 1951. He accepted a commission in the U.S. Air Force and after pilot training he served as a fighter pilot during the Korean War. Aldrin flew the North American Aviation F-86 Sabre with the 51st Fighter Interceptor Wing. He shot down two enemy MiG 15 fighters for which he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

After returning to the United States, Buzz Aldrin was a flight instructor at Bryan AFB, Texas, and then a gunnery instructor at Nellis AFB, Nevada. Aldrin served at the U.S. Air Force Academy before joining the 22nd Fighter Squadron at Bitberg Air Base, Germany, flying the North American Aviation F-100 Super Sabre.

Edwin E. Aldrin earned his Doctorate in Science in Astronautics (Sc.D.) from M.I.T. by devising orbital navigation techniques. His thesis on Manned Orbital Rendezvous, earned Buzz Aldrin another nickname: “Dr. Rendezvous.” He was accepted by NASA as an astronaut for the Gemini Program,and with Jim Lovell, orbited the Earth for four days aboard Gemini 12. Aldrin performed the first successful “space walk.” He then went on to the Apollo Program.

Along with Neil Alden Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin landed on the Moon, 20 July 1969.
...This Day in Aviation

For the model, let's go with Ken West's at http://www.ecardmodels.com/index.php/1-4-apollo-astronauts-on-the-moon-paper-model.html

(http://www.papermodel.net/media/catalog/product/Ken_West/Apollo%20Astronauts/apollo_astronaut_front.jpg)
Title: Re: January (2018)
Post by: Vermin King on January 20, 2018, 03:22:33 AM
January 21, 1855 John Browning Born

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f1/JohnBrowning.jpeg/170px-JohnBrowning.jpeg)

Quote
John Moses Browning, sometimes referred to as the "father of modern firearms," is born in Ogden, Utah. Many of the guns manufactured by companies whose names evoke the history of the American West-Winchester, Colt, Remington, and Savage-were actually based on John Browning's designs.

The son of a talented gunsmith, John Browning began experimenting with his own gun designs as a young man. When he was 24 years old, he received his first patent, for a rifle that Winchester manufactured as its Single Shot Model 1885. Impressed by the young man's inventiveness, Winchester asked Browning if he could design a lever-action-repeating shotgun. Browning could and did, but his efforts convinced him that a pump-action mechanism would work better, and he patented his first pump model shotgun in 1888.

Fundamentally, all of Browning's manually-operated repeating rifle and shotgun designs were aimed at improving one thing: the speed and reliability with which gun users could fire multiple rounds-whether shooting at game birds or other people. Lever and pump actions allowed the operator to fire a round, operate the lever or pump to quickly eject the spent shell, insert a new cartridge, and then fire again in seconds.

By the late 1880s, Browning had perfected the manual repeating weapon; to make guns that fired any faster, he would somehow have to eliminate the need for slow human beings to actually work the mechanisms. But what force could replace that of the operator moving a lever or pump? Browning discovered the answer during a local shooting competition when he noticed that reeds between a man firing and his target were violently blown aside by gases escaping from the gun muzzle. He decided to try using the force of that escaping gas to automatically work the repeating mechanism.

Browning began experimenting with his idea in 1889. Three years later, he received a patent for the first crude fully automatic weapon that captured the gases at the muzzle and used them to power a mechanism that automatically reloaded the next bullet. In subsequent years, Browning refined his automatic weapon design. When U.S. soldiers went to Europe during WWI, many of them carried Browning Automatic Rifles, as well as Browning's deadly machine guns.

During a career spanning more than five decades, Browning's guns went from being the classic weapons of the American West to deadly tools of world war carnage. Amazingly, since Browning's death in 1926, there have been no further fundamental changes in the modern firearm industry.
... History.com

For more history on Mr. Browning, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Browning, where there is also a listing of many of his designs.

For the model today, let's go with Trent Henry's M1911, https://www.ecardmodels.com/index.php/1-1-colt-1911-45-acp.html

(http://www.papermodel.net/media/catalog/product/1modelimages/149_1911_Colt_45_ACP/1911_Colt_45_ACP_4.jpg)