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On This Date / Re: January (2018)
« Last post by Vermin King on January 15, 2018, 02:27:08 PM »
January 15, 1559  Elizabeth I Crowned

Two months after the death of her half-sister, Queen Mary I of England, Elizabeth Tudor, the 25-year-old daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, is crowned Queen Elizabeth I at Westminster Abbey in London.

The two half-sisters, both daughters of Henry VIII, had a stormy relationship during Mary’s five-year reign. Mary, who was brought up as a Catholic, enacted pro-Catholic legislation and made efforts to restore papal supremacy in England. A Protestant rebellion ensued, and Queen Mary imprisoned Elizabeth, a Protestant, in the Tower of London on suspicion of complicity. After Mary’s death, Elizabeth survived several Catholic plots against her; although her ascension was greeted with approval by most of England’s lords, who were largely Protestant and hoped for greater religious tolerance under a Protestant queen. Under the early guidance of Secretary of State Sir William Cecil, Elizabeth repealed Mary’s pro-Catholic legislation, established a permanent Protestant Church of England, and encouraged the Calvinist reformers in Scotland.

In foreign affairs, Elizabeth practiced a policy of strengthening England’s Protestant allies and dividing her foes. Elizabeth was opposed by the pope, who refused to recognize her legitimacy, and by Spain, a Catholic nation that was at the height of its power. In 1588, English-Spanish rivalry led to an abortive Spanish invasion of England in which the Spanish Armada, the greatest naval force in the world at the time, was destroyed by storms and a persistent English navy.

With increasing English domination at sea, Elizabeth encouraged voyages of discovery, such as Sir Francis Drake’s circumnavigation of the world and Sir Walter Raleigh’s expeditions to the North American coast.

The long reign of Elizabeth, who became known as the “Virgin Queen” for her reluctance to endanger her authority through marriage, coincided with the flowering of the English Renaissance, associated with such renowned authors as William Shakespeare. By her death in 1603, England had become a major world power in every respect, and Queen Elizabeth I passed into history as one of England’s greatest monarchs.

Okay, she was imprisoned in the Tower of London, but she must have been treated well there, because she stayed in the Tower until the coronation.  By the way, you know those cutesie roofs on the four small towers, those were added by Elizabeth's dad, Henry VIII.  As London became more of a center of commerce, Henry thought the Tower of London needed a make-over.  It was suggested that these additions would add a certain class to the structure without destroying the history.  Not a bad choice.

For the model, I'm going with the Canon model of the Tower of London,
Contests, Challenges and Fun! / Re: Dave's Photo Caption Thread
« Last post by Dave Winfield on January 14, 2018, 06:41:54 PM »
Been awhile since we posted...
feel free to post your own photo and caption.
I know I will join in.
Contests, Challenges and Fun! / Re: Dave's Photo Caption Thread
« Last post by AndrewO on January 14, 2018, 05:26:55 PM »

Ok, I get it now, less rotating mass means it takes less horse power, which makes this a totally fuel efficient plane . . . right ?
On This Date / Re: January (2018)
« Last post by Vermin King on January 14, 2018, 04:59:21 PM »
January 14, 1924 Guy Williams Born

Of course he had two more episodes of Lost in Space than he had of Zorro, so we'll go with Dave's Jupiter II and Chariot at
On This Date / Re: January (2018)
« Last post by Vermin King on January 13, 2018, 02:37:11 PM »
January 13, 1128 Pope Recognizes Knights Templar

On this day in 1128, Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God.

Led by the Frenchman Hughes de Payens, the Knights Templar organization was founded in 1118. Its self-imposed mission was to protect Christian pilgrims on their way to and from the Holy Land during the Crusades, the series of military expeditions aimed at defeating Muslims in Palestine. For a while, the Templars had only nine members, mostly due to their rigid rules. In addition to having noble birth, the knights were required to take strict vows of poverty, obedience and chastity. In 1127, new promotional efforts convinced many more noblemen to join the order, gradually increasing its size and influence.

By the time the Crusades ended unsuccessfully in the early 14th century, the order had grown extremely wealthy, provoking the jealousy of both religious and secular powers. In 1307, King Philip IV of France and Pope Clement V combined to take down the Knights Templar, arresting the grand master, Jacques de Molay, on charges of heresy, sacrilege and Satanism. Under torture, Molay and other leading Templars confessed and were eventually burned at the stake. Clement dissolved the Templars in 1312.

The modern-day Catholic Church has admitted that the persecution of the Knights Templar was unjustified and claimed that Pope Clement was pressured by secular rulers to dissolve the order. Over the centuries, myths and legends about the Templars have grown, including the belief that they may have discovered holy relics at Temple Mount, including the Holy Grail, the Ark of the Covenant or parts of the cross from Christ’s crucifixion. The imagined secrets of the Templars have inspired various books and movies, including the blockbuster novel and film The Da Vinci Code.

Huh, how did Zio not do a Templar Knight?  JOssorio didn't do a shield.  Can't even find a pirated ABC model. 

I suppose I could do the Tektonten Masonic Medallion,

But I guess we'll go with the Ravensblight Broadsword,
Builds in Progress / Re: Purple Plymouth Prowler Desecration
« Last post by Vermin King on January 12, 2018, 09:30:03 PM »
Oh, I know.  This blasted bug has got hold of me again, so I'm probably not going to get back to this until tomorrow, if I get out of bed and feel like doing anything

I do like experimenting, though.  I'm one of those folks who learn best by doing
Builds in Progress / Re: Purple Plymouth Prowler Desecration
« Last post by Dave Winfield on January 12, 2018, 06:40:20 PM »
Curving that nose and getting the right shape is very important.
You already know that...I don't doubt you know what you are doing.

I used a 1/2" wooden dowel as I folded the body part in half, lining up the rear ends.
Then I used a smaller dowel to work a tighter radius.

It definitely takes time and patience to carefully roll a smooth curve into the card.

Don't be discouraged by my comments.
Last thing I would want to do is scare you away from sharing these experiments.

On This Date / Re: January (2018)
« Last post by Vermin King on January 12, 2018, 01:28:30 PM »
January 12, 1879 British-Zulu War Begins

The British-Zulu War begins as British troops under Lieutenant General Frederic Augustus invade Zululand from the southern African republic of Natal.

In 1843, Britain succeeded the Boers as the rulers of Natal, which controlled Zululand, the neighboring kingdom of the Zulu people. Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers who came to South Africa in the 17th century. Zulus, a migrant people from the north, also came to southern Africa during the 17th century, settling around the Tugela River region.

In 1838, the Boers, migrating north to elude the new British dominions in the south, first came into armed conflict with the Zulus, who were under the rule of King Dingane at the time. The European migrants succeeded in overthrowing Dingane in 1840, replacing him with his son Mpande, who became a vassal of the new Boer republic of Natal. In 1843, the British took over Natal and Zululand.

In 1872, King Mpande died and was succeeded by his son Cetshwayo, who was determined to resist European domination in his territory. In December 1878, Cetshwayo rejected the British demand that he disband his troops, and in January British forces invaded Zululand to suppress Cetshwayo. The British suffered grave defeats at Isandlwana, where 1,300 British soldiers were killed or wounded, and at Hlobane Mountain, but on March 29 the tide turned in favor of the British at the Battle of Khambula.

At Ulundi in July, Cetshwayo’s forces were utterly routed, and the Zulus were forced to surrender to the British. In 1887, faced with continuing Zulu rebellions, the British formally annexed Zululand, and in 1897 it became a part of Natal, which joined the Union of South Africa in 1910.

You can still get the Zio figures at
Builds in Progress / Re: Purple Plymouth Prowler Desecration
« Last post by Vermin King on January 12, 2018, 10:38:19 AM »
I think it is a matter of not getting enough of a soft crease in the nose to begin with.  I'll have to do a better job of it on the next one
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