Author Topic: September (2017)  (Read 728 times)

Vermin King

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September (2017)
« on: August 31, 2017, 08:33:03 PM »
September 1, 1952 Two-thirds of Strategic Air Command Wiped Out by Tornado



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On 6:42 p.m., Monday, Labor Day, a tornado struck the flight line at Carswell Air Force Base, Fort Worth, Texas. 76 Convair B-36 Peacemaker intercontinental heavy bombers of the 7th and 11th Bombardment Wings, Heavy, were damaged, knocking out nearly two-thirds of the Strategic Air Command’s bomber force. The air base was left awash in thousands of gallons of aviation fuel from ruptured fuel tanks. An assessment team from the the Air Material Command was immediately sent to begin repairs. One bomber, B-36D-10-CF serial number 49-2051, of the 98th Bombardment Squadron, had been blown across the air base and into a ravine over a mile away. Its fuselage was broken in half and its tail and left wing were missing. Of the 76 damaged Peacemakers, this was the only one that was damaged beyond repair. All the others returned to service by 11 May 1953.
...This Day in Aviation

If you are as poor an aircraft builder as I am, you now have an excuse ... 'I built it to represent its appearance after the tornado'

For the model, http://www.fiddlersgreen.net/models/Aircraft/Convair-B36.html
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Vermin King

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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #1 on: September 02, 2017, 07:53:07 AM »
September 2, 1964 Keanu Reeves Born



Okay, I confess that I really liked this movie

For the model, or models, let's use Rufus's Time Machine from http://www.chthulhu.com/models/rtm.html

And remember to Be Excellent to Each Other!
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Vermin King

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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #2 on: September 02, 2017, 08:02:07 AM »
I'm going out of town for the Labor Day weekend, so I'm posting ahead.  Luckily, I fixed the images in other posts, so I could get this posted quickly

September 3, 1935 Campbell Exceeds 300 MPH



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A new land-speed record is set by Britain's famed speed demon, Sir Malcolm Campbell. On the Bonneville Salt Flats of Utah, Campbell and his 2,500-hp motor car Bluebird made two runs over a one-mile course at speeds averaging 301.129 mph. In breaking the 300-mph barrier, he surpassed the world record of 276.82 mph that he had set earlier in the year.

After breaking 300 mph--his stated goal--he retired from land-speed racing. He had held the world record a record nine times. However, not content with a leisurely retirement, Sir Malcolm took up water racing and in 1937 set a new world's water-speed record of 129.50 mph. The next year, he raised the record to 130.93 mph, and in 1939 to 141.74 mph. This record was unbroken when he died of a stroke in 1948 at the age of 63. His son, Donald Campbell, later set land and water-speed records.
... History.com

Well, you know which model is today's:  Dave Winfield's model of the Bluebird found at http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/showrodz.html#RACERZ


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Vermin King

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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #3 on: September 02, 2017, 08:04:14 AM »
September 4, 1982 "Valley Girl" Hits Top-40



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Versatile, prolific, iconoclastic, misanthropic—all of these labels were attached to the name Frank Zappa over the course of his unique career in music, but one label that never fit was "pop star." Even during his late 1960s and early 1970s heyday, it would have been hard to imagine a figure less likely than Frank Zappa to make a record that would capture the imagination of America's pop radio-listening 14-year-olds. But then a funny thing happened: Frank Zappa had a 14-year-old of his own, and through her creative attempts to connect with her work-obsessed father, a true pop phenomenon was born. On this day in 1982, Frank Zappa earned his first and only top-40 hit with the satirical record "Valley Girl," conceived by and featuring the voice of his 14-year-old daughter, Moon Unit.

As Moon Zappa ("Unit" is her middle name) tells the story, the one and only sacred rule growing up in the Zappa household was never to disturb dad while he was working in his studio, which was most of the time. So it was via a note slipped under his studio door that Moon broached the idea of recording a song that would satirize the shallow and vapid culture of a certain element of teen culture in her Los Angeles-area environs. "Since we don't seem to be able to get together personally," she wrote to her father, "maybe we could get together professionally." Two nights later, Frank Zappa invited his daughter into his studio for the first time, and they began work on "Valley Girl."

Though intended by both father and daughter as a send-up of the stereotypical mall-dwelling teens of the San Fernando Valley, "Valley Girl" took on a life of its own once loosed into the popular culture. While most may have consumed the song as satire, that didn't stop such Valley vocabulary as "Fer sure," "Ohmigod," "Gag me with a spoon" and "Grody to the max" from spreading like a virus into corners of the world previous untouched by such catchphrases.

Frank Zappa's biographical overview at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame—into which he was inducted in 1995, two years after his untimely death from cancer at the age of only 53—includes the following observation: "Throughout his career, Zappa darkly but humorously depicted a landscape of wasted human enterprise largely driven by Pavlovian desires for consumer goods, sports and sex." "Valley Girl" might not have been the most sharply realized example of Frank Zappa's dark humor, but when it entered the pop charts on September 4, 1982, it gave him the biggest hit of his truly unique career.
... History.com

You can get your own 'Frank' at http://stateofshockstudios.com/zappa_paper_toy.html
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Vermin King

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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #4 on: September 05, 2017, 09:07:34 AM »
September 5, 1951 Michael Keaton Born



Today's model is Dave's Keaton Batmobile.  You can find it here:  http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/starcarz.html#STARCARZ

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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #5 on: September 06, 2017, 11:42:07 AM »
September 6, 1915 First Tank Produced



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On this day in 1915, a prototype tank nicknamed Little Willie rolls off the assembly line in England. Little Willie was far from an overnight success. It weighed 14 tons, got stuck in trenches and crawled over rough terrain at only two miles per hour. However, improvements were made to the original prototype and tanks eventually transformed military battlefields.

The British developed the tank in response to the trench warfare of World War I. In 1914, a British army colonel named Ernest Swinton and William Hankey, secretary of the Committee for Imperial Defence, championed the idea of an armored vehicle with conveyor-belt-like tracks over its wheels that could break through enemy lines and traverse difficult territory. The men appealed to British navy minister Winston Churchill, who believed in the concept of a “land boat” and organized a Landships Committee to begin developing a prototype. To keep the project secret from enemies, production workers were reportedly told the vehicles they were building would be used to carry water on the battlefield (alternate theories suggest the shells of the new vehicles resembled water tanks). Either way, the new vehicles were shipped in crates labeled “tank” and the name stuck.

The first tank prototype, Little Willie, was unveiled in September 1915. Following its underwhelming performance–it was slow, became overheated and couldn’t cross trenches–a second prototype, known as “Big Willie,” was produced. By 1916, this armored vehicle was deemed ready for battle and made its debut at the First Battle of the Somme near Courcelette, France, on September 15 of that year. Known as the Mark I, this first batch of tanks was hot, noisy and unwieldy and suffered mechanical malfunctions on the battlefield; nevertheless, people realized the tank’s potential. Further design improvements were made and at the Battle of Cambrai in November 1917, 400 Mark IV’s proved much more successful than the Mark I, capturing 8,000 enemy troops and 100 guns.

Tanks rapidly became an important military weapon. During World War II, they played a prominent role across numerous battlefields. More recently, tanks have been essential for desert combat during the conflicts in the Persian Gulf.
... History.com

Sorry, Dave, it was the first one on History.com today.  It's strange how many items so far this month jump out with AirDave models.  You can find Dave's model of Little Willie at http://papermodelshop.com/html/military_vehicle.html

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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #6 on: September 07, 2017, 11:43:33 AM »
September 7, 1940 The Blitz of London Begins



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At about 4:00 p.m., the Blitz of London began with the German Luftwaffe attacking the city with 348 bombers escorted by 617 fighters. After dark, a second wave of 247 bombers attacked using the fires to guide them.

Hauptman Hajo Hermann reported:

“A very clear night. . . everywhere, the German bombers were swarming in. . . Everything was lit up by fires, like a huge torch in the night.” Until 7 September, orders were very strict to not bomb indiscriminately, “But now, for the first time, we were allowed to bomb regardless.”

— Duel of Eagles, Group Captain Peter Wooldridge Townsend, CVO, DSO, DFC and Bar, RAF. Cassell Publishers Limited, London, Chapter 27 at Pages 393–394.

Approximately 1,000 Londoners were killed that first night. London was bombed for 76 consecutive nights.

German military leaders believed that England could only be defeated by invasion. Before Germany could stage a cross-channel invasion, it had to gain air superiority. After weeks of relentless devastating attacks against British airfields, Reichsmarschall Hermann Wilhelm Göring made a fatal mistake. He shifted to attacking population centers.  The primary purpose of the Blitz was to force the Royal Air Force to defend the City. Luftwaffe commanders believed that they could destroy the RAF in battle. And the RAF had to be destroyed for an invasion of England to go forward. By the end, however, losses in airplanes and crews to both sides were about even, but the RAF survived, thus Germany failed in its goal. There was no invasion.

The Heinkel He 111 was the primary Luftwaffe bomber. It had a crew of 5 or 6. It was powered by two liquid-cooled Junkers Jumo 211 inverted V-12 engines, producing 1,200 horsepower each, giving the He 111 a maximum speed of 254 miles per hour (409 kilometers per hour). The bomber was 59 feet (17.98 meters) long with a wingspan of 77 feet (23.4 meters) and could carry up to 4,400 pounds (2,000 kilograms) of bombs with a maximum range of 1,420 miles (2,285 kilometers).

I had previously heard that the goal was to soften Britain up for invasion and to keep the British too busy to take part in any fighting on the continent. 

You can find Aaron's He-111 at https://www.ecardmodels.com/index.php/1-58-heinkel-he-111-s7-a-paper-model.html
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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #7 on: September 08, 2017, 11:30:40 AM »
September 8, 1966  Star Trek Original Series Begins



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Star Trek is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry that follows the adventures of the starship USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) and its crew. It later acquired the retronym of Star Trek: The Original Series (Star Trek: TOS or TOS) to distinguish the show within the media franchise that it began.

The show is set in the Milky Way galaxy, roughly during the 2260s. The ship and crew are led by Captain James T. Kirk (William Shatner), first officer and science officer Spock (Leonard Nimoy), and chief medical officer Leonard McCoy (DeForest Kelley). Shatner's voice-over introduction during each episode's opening credits stated the starship's purpose:


Space: the final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before.

The series was produced 1966–67 by Desilu Productions, and by Paramount Television 1968–69. Star Trek aired on NBC from September 8, 1966 to June 3, 1969. Star Trek's Nielsen ratings while on NBC were low, and the network canceled it after three seasons and 79 episodes. Nevertheless, the show had a major influence on popular culture and it became a cult classic in broadcast syndication during the 1970s. The show eventually spawned a franchise, consisting of five additional television series, 12 films, numerous books, games, toys, and is now considered one of the most popular science fiction television shows of all time.
... Wikipedia

For the Enterprise XI, you can get that at http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/free_paper_models.html

I wish Paramount (or whoever has the legal department that stepped in) hadn't made Paragon take down a lot of his Star Trek models, but many models are still available at http://www.freewebs.com/paragon19/startrek.htm

Try to catch the 50th Anniversary Special.  I think it was on History Channel.  I saw it on OnDemand.  It has portions of Nimoy's last interview, and some interesting snippets of information, like how Star Trek probably wouldn't have happened without Lucille Ball.
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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #8 on: September 08, 2017, 12:20:21 PM »
September 9, 1492 Columbus Sails West from Canary Islands



Talk about a world-changing event.  And interesting in how it came about.  And it mostly came about because Columbus believed that his Italian translation of Ptolemy's arguments on the Marius of Tyre's work indicated that the circumference of the Earth was much less than the accepted belief in the calculations of Eratosthenes of what in today's measure would be 39,690 km.  1.6% error wasn't bad for a guy that never left Egypt.  Columbus felt that he could reach Asia by sailing west and reach it in a month.

Columbus tried to fund his voyage by visiting any monarch that would listen, trying to get Spain or Portugal to fund it, and even though he was named Admiral and given a salary by Spain, he would keep in contact with the king of Portugal (and even landed in Portugal first when he came back).  After many years of arguing with a committee of advisors to Queen Isabella, he finally got his wish and left Spain on August 3rd.  Since the three ships were pressed into service, the Pinta which was subject to many problems (and may have been sabotaged by its owner and captain in order to not have to go on this trip) required a lay-over in the Canary Islands to attempt to seal the boat better for the voyage.  Once done, they set sail on the 6th of September only to have the Pinta's rudder break.  After three days of repair, they were off again.

You can find a model of the Santa Maria at http://papertoys.com/santamaria.htm
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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #9 on: September 08, 2017, 07:42:05 PM »
September 10, 1977 France's Last Execution by Guillotine



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A Tunisian immigrant living in Marseilles, Hamida Djandoubi, was executed for the torture-slaying of his girlfriend. He had killed her in revenge, after she reported to authorities that he had tried to force her into prostitution.

The guillotine, despite its associations with the French Revolution, was not native to France. Variants were used in other European countries long before Marie Antoinette and Citizen Robespierre lost their heads. One machine was used as early as 1307 to dispense justice in Ireland. France's preferred method of doing away with offenders prior to the Revolution was breaking on the wheel, a ghoulish medieval practice meant to inflict as much pain as possible prior to final release.

The guillotine was adopted by Louis XVI as a humane form of execution. Louis himself was soon to find out just how humane it really was. As was the unfortunate Mr. Djandoubi nearly two centuries later.

His appeal denied, Djandoubi mounted the scaffold at 4:40 a.m. on the 10th. Marcel Chevalier, France's chief executioner, dropped the blade. The method, already under intense criticism from opponents of capital punishment, drew more fire following Djandoubi's execution, when a doctor in attendance testified that Djandoubi remained responsive for up to 30 seconds after decapitation.

It was not the first time that the condemned appeared to remain conscious for an uncomfortably long period of time before life finally oozed out. Henri Languille, guillotined in 1905, reportedly looked at a witness who called out his name -- after being decapitated.

Chevalier's son, Eric, was also present at the execution. He was there to observe, and to prepare for eventually succeeding his father as the nation's chief executioner. As it was, Eric had to find another line of work when France officially abolished the death penalty in 1981.
... wired.com

You can find Tektonten's Guillotine at http://tektonten.blogspot.com/2009/10/barbie-scale-guillotine-papercraft.html

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Vermin King

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Re: September (2017)
« Reply #10 on: September 11, 2017, 09:31:24 AM »
September 11, 2001 World Trade Center Attacked

There can be no question as to what event needed to be covered.

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At 8:45 a.m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashes into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. As the evacuation of the tower and its twin got underway, television cameras broadcasted live images of what initially appeared to be a freak accident. Then, 18 minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767--United Airlines Flight 175--appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center, and sliced into the south tower at about the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning debris over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack.

The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda terrorist organization, they were allegedly acting in retaliation for America's support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War, and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and had taken flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. Others had slipped into the U.S. in the months before September 11 and acted as the "muscle" in the operation. The 19 terrorists easily smuggled box-cutters and knives through security at three East Coast airports and boarded four flights bound for California, chosen because the planes were loaded with fuel for the long transcontinental journey. Soon after takeoff, the terrorists commandeered the four planes and took the controls, transforming the ordinary commuter jets into guided missiles.

As millions watched in horror the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington and slammed into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to a structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. All told, 125 military personnel and civilians were killed in the Pentagon along with all 64 people aboard the airliner.

Less than 15 minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke. The structural steel of the skyscraper, built to withstand winds in excess of 200 mph and a large conventional fire, could not withstand the tremendous heat generated by the burning jet fuel. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to 3,000 people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including a staggering 343 firefighters and paramedics, 23 New York City police officers, and 37 Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped on higher floors. Only six people in the World Trade Center towers at the time of their collapse survived. Almost 10,000 other people were treated for injuries, many severe.

Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound plane--United Flight 93--was hijacked about 40 minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone and Airfone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned an insurrection. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett, Jr., told his wife over the phone that "I know we're all going to die. There's three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey." Another passenger--Todd Beamer--was heard saying "Are you guys ready? Let's roll" over an open line. Sandy Bradshaw, a flight attendant, called her husband and explained that she had slipped into a galley and was filling pitchers with boiling water. Her last words to him were "Everyone's running to first class. I've got to go. Bye."

The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground at upwards of 500 miles per hour, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All 45 people aboard were killed. Its intended target is not known, but theories include the White House, the U.S. Capitol, the Camp David presidential retreat in Maryland, or one of several nuclear power plants along the eastern seaboard.

At 7 p.m., President George W. Bush, who had spent the day being shuttled around the country because of security concerns, returned to the White House. At 9 p.m., he delivered a televised address from the Oval Office, declaring "Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve." In a reference to the eventual U.S. military response he declared: "We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them."

Operation Enduring Freedom, the U.S.-led international effort to oust the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and destroy Osama bin Laden's terrorist network based there, began on October 7, 2001. Bin Laden was killed during a raid of his compound in Pakistan by U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.
... History.com

An event that changed America and the world.

I was hoping Scott at FG would put up the memorial model again this year, but no.
Olli's tribute to the 911 Firefighters is on Andy's old forum which has moved.  You can still get to it with Wayback Machine, but I would need Olli's approval to put up the link.

You can still find the Wurlington Press model of the complex at http://buildyourownnewyork.com/free.html

Sorry, but I am using 'editor's discretion' here and not putting up any photos.  I started looking for images and it brought back some memories that I would prefer to leave behind.  I really don't think photos are necessary on an event of this scale.  I can still see fairly clearly the second plane hitting the towers while watching the coverage of the aftermath of the first plane hitting, and the sinking feeling in my gut is back.

A very tragic event and a horrible loss of life, but we actually should feel very fortunate that it wasn't worse.  It is estimated that 40,000 to 60,000 people were either on site or in the immediate vicinity when it happened.  It's damn near a miracle that things weren't worse.  However you choose to remember this event today, please think of those you love and hold dear.  We never know when they may be taken from us.

There are no strangers in this world ...
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