Author Topic: October (2017)  (Read 908 times)

Vermin King

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October (2017)
« on: September 29, 2017, 04:54:38 PM »
October 1, 2013 Tom Clancy Dies



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On this day in 2013, espionage and military thriller author Tom Clancy, whose books include “The Hunt for Red October” and “Patriot Games,” dies in Baltimore at age 66 following a brief illness. During a career that spanned nearly 30 years, Clancy penned more than two dozen novels, a number of which were made into hit movies and popular video games. By the time of his death, more than 100 million copies of Clancy’s books were in print and 17 of his novels had reached the top of The New York Times’ best-seller list.

Clancy was born on April 12, 1947, in Baltimore, where he grew up in a middle-class neighborhood. At Loyola College (now known as Loyola University Maryland), Clancy majored in English and participated in ROTC; however, he was unable to join the military due to severe nearsightedness. Instead, after graduating in 1969, he became an insurance agent. In his spare time, Clancy read military journals and eventually started writing what would become his debut novel, “The Hunt for Red October,” about a renegade Soviet nuclear submarine pursued by both the Americans and the Soviets (the story was based loosely on the real-life attempted mutiny of a Soviet missile frigate in 1975). Purchased by a publisher for $5,000 and released in 1984, “The Hunt for Red October” became a runaway best-seller, thanks in part to an endorsement from President Ronald Reagan, who labeled the book “my kind of yarn.” The novel was full of authentic details about military technology, something that would become one of Clancy’s trademarks and which would initially lead some U.S. military officials to suspect the author had gained access to classified information. In fact, he had no insider knowledge but instead did in-depth research.

Clancy followed “The Hunt for Red October” with such novels as “Patriot Games” (1987), about a terrorist plot against the British royal family, “Clear and Present Danger” (1989), about a covert U.S. military campaign against a Colombian drug cartel, and “The Sum of All Fears” (1991), about terrorists who use a nuclear weapon to try to start a war between America and Russia. Other Clancy titles include “Executive Orders” (1996), “Rainbow Six” (1998), “Against All Enemies” (2011), “Threat Vector” (2012) and “Command Authority” (2013). Some of his work seemed to predict real-life events. For example, well before the September 11 terrorist attacks, Clancy wrote “Debt of Honor” (1994), in which a character flies a Boeing 747 into the U.S. Capitol.

Clancy’s most famous character, Jack Ryan, a CIA analyst who in later stories becomes U.S. president, was portrayed on the big screen by Alec Baldwin in 1990’s “The Hunt for Red October”; Harrison Ford in 1992’s “Patriot Games” and 1994’s “Clear and Present Danger”; Ben Affleck in 2002’s “The Sum of All Fears” and Chris Pine in 2014’s “Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit.” In addition to his movies, novels and a number of nonfiction books about the military, Clancy co-founded a video game company and became a part owner of the Baltimore Orioles. He famously had an Army tank on the lawn of his Maryland estate.
  ... History.com

For the model, let's go with Bryan Tan's Red October, http://rocketmantan.deviantart.com/art/Red-October-Submarine-Paper-Model-404061955
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Vermin King

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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #1 on: October 02, 2017, 11:13:16 AM »
October 2, 1952 XB-52 First Flight



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The Boeing XB-52 Stratofortress prototype, 49-230, made its first flight at Boeing Field, Seattle, Washington, with test pilot Alvin M. “Tex” Johnston in command.

The first of two prototype strategic bombers, the XB-52 had been damaged during ground testing and extensive repairs were required, delaying its initial flight. The pre-production aircraft, YB-52 49-231, made the type’s first flight, 15 April 1952.

The prototype Stratofortress the largest jet aircraft built up to that time. It was 152 feet, 8 inches (46.431 meters) long with a wingspan of 185 feet (56.388 meters) and 48 feet, 4 inches (17.731 meters) to the top of the vertical fin. Its gross weight was 390,000 pounds (176,900 kilograms). The XB-52 was powered by eight Pratt and Whitney YJ-57-P-3 turbojet engines, producing 8,700 pounds of thrust, each, giving it a maximum speed of 615 miles per hour (890 kilometers per hour), a cruising speed of 525 miles per hour (845 kilometers per hour) and a service ceiling of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters). Its range was 7,000 miles (11,269 kilometers).

In its original configuration, the XB-52 was armed with two .50-caliber machine guns in a turret in the tail, though these guns were not installed on 49-230. It was designed to carry a 25,000 pound bomb load.

XB-52 49-230 was used in testing for its entire service life. It was scrapped in the mid-1960s. 744 B-52 bombers were built by Boeing at Seattle and Wichita, Kansas, with the last one, B-52H-175-BW, 61-0040, rolled out 22 June 1962. 76 B-52H Stratofortresses are still in service with the United States Air Force.
... This Day in Aviation

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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #2 on: October 03, 2017, 11:58:12 AM »
October 3, 1990 Germany Re-United



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Less than one year after the destruction of the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany come together on what is known as "Unity Day." Since 1945, when Soviet forces occupied eastern Germany, and the United States and other Allied forces occupied the western half of the nation at the close of World War II, divided Germany had come to serve as one of the most enduring symbols of the Cold War. Some of the most dramatic episodes of the Cold War took place there. The Berlin Blockade (June 1948--May 1949), during which the Soviet Union blocked all ground travel into West Berlin, and the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 were perhaps the most famous. With the gradual waning of Soviet power in the late 1980s, the Communist Party in East Germany began to lose its grip on power. Tens of thousands of East Germans began to flee the nation, and by late 1989 the Berlin Wall started to come down. Shortly thereafter, talks between East and West German officials, joined by officials from the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR, began to explore the possibility of reunification. Two months following reunification, all-German elections took place and Helmut Kohl became the first chancellor of the reunified Germany. Although this action came more than a year before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, for many observers the reunification of Germany effectively marked the end of the Cold War.
... History.com

I was looking for the Brandenburg Gate, but the Reichstag, site of the Bundestag, seems more appropriate.  You can find the Reichstag at http://bastelbogen-online.de/category/gebaeude/berlin/

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Vermin King

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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #3 on: October 04, 2017, 10:58:07 AM »
October 4, 1923 Charlton Heston Born



Boy, are these guys in for a surprise...

You can get the Icarus at http://aliens.humlak.cz/aliens/aliens_papirove_modely/bonus-icarus_gb.html
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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #4 on: October 05, 2017, 12:44:31 PM »
October 5, 1907 Nulli Secundus Flown from Farnsborough to London



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The British Army Dirigible No 1, Nulli Secundus, flown by Colonel John E. Capper, Royal Engineers, Superintendent of the Royal Balloon Factory, and Samuel Frederick Cody, made a flight from the Balloon Factory at Farnborough to London. After circling St. Paul’s Cathedral, the crew attempted to return to Farnborough but unfavorable winds forced them to moor the airship at the Crystal Palace. The flight covered a distance of 40 miles (64 kilometers) and took 3 hours, 25 minutes.
... This Day in Aviation

The vintage model of the Nulli Secundus can be found at http://www.papermodelers.com/forum/vbdownloads.php?do=download&downloadid=2183
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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #5 on: October 06, 2017, 11:42:05 AM »
October 6, 1918 Goettler and Bleckley Shot Down in Argonne Forest



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During the Meuse-Argonne offensive of World War I, approximately 554 soldiers of the 77th “Metropolitan” Division advanced into the Argonne Forest with a French division on their left flank and the American 92nd Division to the left. They moved quickly, unaware that the flanking units were held up. Soon, they were far ahead of the Allied advance and became cut off behind the German lines. With higher ground to all sides, the elements of the 307th and 308th Infantry Regiments and 306th Machine Gun Battalion came under heavy attack by enemy infantry and artillery.

With their communications cut off, they were soon low on food and ammunition. The only water available was a nearby stream that was protected by German gunfire.

Major General Robert Alexander, commanding the 77th Division, requested that the 50th Aero Squadron, based at Remicourt, attempt to locate the cut-off unit and resupply them by air. Among the officers of the 50th participating in the search were First Lieutenant Harold Ernest Goettler and Second Lieutenant Erwin Russell Bleckley, flying their Boeing-built DH-4M-1, A.S. 32517, squadron number 6.

Medal of Honor

Harold Ernest Goettler

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, pilot, U.S. Air Service, 50th Aero Squadron, Air Service.

Place and date: Near Binarville, France, October 6, 1918.

Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: July 21, 1890, Chicago, Ill.

G.O. No.: 56, W.D., 1922.

Citation:1st. Lt. Goettler, with his observer, 2d Lt. Erwin R. Bleckley, 130th Field Artillery, left the airdrome late in the afternoon on their second trip to drop supplies to a battalion of the 77th Division which had been cut off by the enemy in the Argonne Forest. Having been subjected on the first trip to violent fire from the enemy, they attempted on the second trip to come still lower in order to get the packages even more precisely on the designated spot. In the course of this mission the plane was brought down by enemy rifle and machinegun fire from the ground, resulting in the instant death of 1st. Lt. Goettler. In attempting and performing this mission 1st. Lt. Goettler showed the highest possible contempt of personal danger, devotion to duty, courage and valor.

Medal of Honor

Erwin Russell Bleckley

Place and date: Near Binarville, France, October 6, 1918.

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 130th Field Artillery, observer 50th Aero Squadron, Air Service.

Entered service at: Wichita, Kans. Birth: Wichita, Kans.

G.O. No.: 56, W.D., 1922.

Citation:

2d Lt. Bleckley, with his pilot, 1st Lt. Harold E. Goettler, Air Service, left the airdrome late in the afternoon on their second trip to drop supplies to a battalion of the 77th Division, which had been cut off by the enemy in the Argonne Forest. Having been subjected on the first trip to violent fire from the enemy, they attempted on the second trip to come still lower in order to get the packages even more precisely on the designated spot. In the course of his mission the plane was brought down by enemy rifle and machinegun fire from the ground, resulting in fatal wounds to 2d Lt. Bleckley, who died before he could be taken to a hospital. In attempting and performing this mission 2d Lt. Bleckley showed the highest possible contempt of personal danger, devotion to duty, courage, and valor.
...ThisDayinAviation

You can find the DH-4 at http://www.fiddlersgreen.net/models/aircraft/Airco-DH4.html
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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #6 on: October 07, 2017, 11:09:04 AM »
October 7, 1944 B-17's Continue Assault on Germany



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The bomber war continued. No longer distracted by the need to support the campaign in France RAF Bomber Command and the US Eighth Air Force commanders turned their attention almost exclusively to Germany. Many still believed that bombing alone would knock Germany out of the war and the progressive destruction of most of Germany’s cities was resumed. The primary targets were the diminishing number of German synthetic oil installations, an attempt to cut off the fuel that kept the Wehrmacht running.

The German air defences had long ago recognised the importance of guarding oil installation – and the best organised and equipped anti aircraft guns were inevitably found around these targets. For crews that had not yet visited these targets the difference in intensity of “flak” was tangible.
... World War II Today

One description told of 'Flak so thick you could taxi on it.'  Another description told of kissing the ground when they returned and finding over 250 flak holes in the poor carcass of their B-17.

You can find your B-17 at http://www.fiddlersgreen.net/models/aircraft/Boeing-B17.html
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Dave Winfield

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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #7 on: October 07, 2017, 12:51:54 PM »
This is the part I like about your thread...it makes me think about a subject and go look for more information!
In this case, I wanted to know more about "Flak"...

Seems a lot of people interested in Military and Weapons have the same questions about Anti Aircraft guns, shells and accuracy.
Some people think its a pointless waste of ammunition and time.
Requiring thousands of shells, and impossible accuracy to bring down enemy planes.

Here are some interesting facts though (found at a WW2 forum*)...

In 1944 Flak accounted for 3,501 American planes destroyed, 600 less than planes lost to enemy fighters in the same time period.
Constant demand for front line troops for the German army meant that many of the flak crews included elderly men, schoolboys, and even POWs.
Heavier flak guns gradually appeared mainly the 105 mm (4.13 in) FLAK 38 and the 128mm (5 in) FLAK 40.
The 128mm FLAK 40 consisted of two barrels 3 ft apart on a single mounting.
German Flak accounted for 50 of the 72 RAF bombers lost over Berlin on the night of March 24th, 1944.
An incredible 56 bombers were destroyed or crippled by flak during a B-17 raid on Merseburg in November of 1944.

A true proximity fuse or variable time fuse was never developed by Germany despite extensive efforts to do so.
Shells were preset to detonate by time and distance.
Allied planners estimated that German FLAK would be about three times more deadly if they had proximity fused shells
The guns were grouped in fours with a predictor (a device used to estimate where the aircraft would be by the time the shell reached it and thus provide information as to where to aim).
The searchlights were sited in threes with a sound locator which, as its name implies, located the position of an aircraft by fixing on the sound of its engines.
The range of the sound locators was about 6,000 yards but, in view of the time taken for the sound to reach the instrument,
the calculated position of the target could be up to a mile behind its actual position, a discrepancy which had to be allowed for in aiming the guns.

When the flak batteries pinpointed an aircraft the guns were fired in salvoes designed to burst in a sphere of 60 yards in diameter in which it was hoped to entrap the target.
Each gun, usually of 88mm calibre, could project a shell to 20,000ft and could knock out an aircraft within 30 yards of the shell burst.
However, the shrapnel from the explosion was still capable of inflicting serious damage up to 200 yards.

In daylight the predictor crews followed the aircraft by telescope but at night the sound locators directed the searchlights (which had a range of 14,000 yards in clear weather).
However, by night or day, the effectiveness of the flak arm in this early period was severely curtailed by clouds.

*ww2f.com  http://ww2f.com/
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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #8 on: October 08, 2017, 10:44:40 AM »
October 8, 1871 Great Chicago Fire Begins



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On this day in 1871, flames spark in the Chicago barn of Patrick and Catherine O’Leary, igniting a two-day blaze that kills between 200 and 300 people, destroys 17,450 buildings, leaves 100,000 homeless and causes an estimated $200 million (in 1871 dollars; $3 billion in 2007 dollars) in damages. Legend has it that a cow kicked over a lantern in the O’Leary barn and started the fire, but other theories hold that humans or even a comet may have been responsible for the event that left four square miles of the Windy City, including its business district, in ruins. Dry weather and an abundance of wooden buildings, streets and sidewalks made Chicago vulnerable to fire. The city averaged two fires per day in 1870; there were 20 fires throughout Chicago the week before the Great Fire of 1871.

Despite the fire’s devastation, much of Chicago’s physical infrastructure, including its water, sewage and transportation systems, remained intact. Reconstruction efforts began quickly and spurred great economic development and population growth, as architects laid the foundation for a modern city featuring the world’s first skyscrapers. At the time of the fire, Chicago’s population was approximately 324,000; within nine years, there were 500,000 Chicagoans. By 1893, the city was a major economic and transportation hub with an estimated population of 1.5 million. That same year, Chicago was chosen to host the World’s Columbian Exposition, a major tourist attraction visited by 27.5 million people, or approximately half the U.S. population at the time.

In 1997, the Chicago City Council exonerated Mrs. O’Leary and her cow. She turned into a recluse after the fire, and died in 1895.
... History.com

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The fire's spread was aided by the city's use of wood as the predominant building material in a style called balloon frame, a drought before the fire, and strong southwest winds that carried flying embers toward the heart of the city. More than two thirds of the structures in Chicago at the time of the fire were made entirely of wood. Most houses and buildings were topped with highly flammable tar or shingle roofs. All the city's sidewalks and many roads were made of wood. Compounding this problem, Chicago had only received an inch of rain from July 4 to October 9 causing severe drought conditions.
... Wikipedia

One of many survivors of the fire was the standpipe water tower at what is now Water Tower Place, at the end of Michigan Avenue.

You can get a simple model of the Chicago Water Tower at http://www.buildyourownchicago.com/Watertower.html
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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #9 on: October 09, 2017, 02:42:32 PM »
October 9, 1890 Ader's Eole 'Flies'



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At the Chateau d’Amainvilliers, near Bretz, Clément Ader’s flying machine, Éole, flew for the first time.

An inventor, Ader had recently spent months in Algeria, observing the vultures. When he returned to France he began to design and build a bat-like machine with a wing spread of 46 feet (14 meters), weighing 1,100 pounds (500 kilograms), powered by a light-weight 4-cylinder steam engine. The engine produced 20 horsepower and drove a 4-bladed tractor propeller. The machine was named for the Greek god who controlled the winds, Aeolus.

The aircraft took off under its own power, climbed to an altitude of approximately 20 centimeters (8 inches) and flew 164 feet (50 meters). The flight was witnessed by two gentlemen named Espinosa and Vallier.

On a subsequent flight, Éole flew a similar distance, but came in contact with some carts that were under its path. It overturned and was destroyed.

Clément Ader went on to build other flying machines and remained interested in flight for the remainder of his life.
... This Day in Aviation

50 meters, 20 centimeters off the ground ...

For more information, go to http://www.flyingmachines.org/ader.html

This old model is available at http://digilander.libero.it/ucontrol2000/U-Control-2000/eole.htm

And a newer version of this model is available at Fiddlers Green, http://www.fiddlersgreen.net/models/aircraft/Eole-Flyingmachine.html.  I don't know which is better for fit, but the FG model is a bit larger
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Re: October (2017)
« Reply #10 on: October 10, 2017, 12:24:37 PM »
October 10, 1857 American Chess Association Formed (NYC)



Paul Morphy, the American wonder, won the 1857 New York Tournament.  He won with a score of 14 wins, one loss and three draws, was the only tournament that Morphy competed in during his brief and spectacular career. He planned to enter the 1858 Birmingham International tournament as part of his tour of England and Europe. Due to itinerary problems and other factors, he withdrew from the contest and played only matches, displays and casual games during the tour.

You can find a competition-style chess set at http://www.jleslie48.com/gallery_models_other.html#m22, though there are several others to be found on the net.

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