Author Topic: January (2018)  (Read 283 times)

Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #11 on: January 10, 2018, 07:35:23 PM »
Actually, these were the ones that caught my eye.

I tried to find the Galileo telescope, but now I can't even find any references to it.

Maybe I am subconsciously trying to make amends for how far behind I am getting in building your catalog of models, and for my desecration of your model of the Purple Plymouth Prowler.
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Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #12 on: January 11, 2018, 02:22:32 PM »
January 11, 1962 Stratofortress Record Flight



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11 January 1962: Colonel Clyde P. Evely, United States Air Force, and his crew flew their Boeing B-52H-150-BW Stratofortress, 60-0040, of the 4136th Strategic Wing, from Kadena Air Force Base, Okinawa to Torrejon Air Base, Spain. Called Operation Persian Rug, this was an unrefueled 21 hour, 52 minute flight that covered 12,532.30 miles (20,168.78 kilometers) at an average 604.44 miles per hour (972.75 kilometers per hour) and set 11 Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), several of which still stand. Seven National Aeronautic Association records for speed over a recognized course also are current.

Others on the flight were Major Robert Carson and Captain Henry V. Sienkiewicz, second pilot and co-pilot; Major Edmund Bible, navigator; Major Dwight Baker, radar navigator; Captain Edward McLaughlin, electronics warfare officer; 1st Lieutenant William Telford, second navigator; and Master Sergeant Richard Posten, gunner.

FAI Record File Num #8647 [Direct Link]
 Status: ratified – retired by changes of the sporting code
 Region: World
 Class: C (Powered Aeroplanes)
 Sub-Class: C-1 (Landplanes)
 Category: Not applicable
 Group: 3 : turbo-jet
 Type of record: Distance
 Performance: 20 168.78 km
 Date: 1962-01-11
 Course/Location: Okinawa (Japan) – Madrid (Spain)
 Claimant Clyde P. Evely (USA)
 Aeroplane: Boeing B-52H
 Engines: 8 Pratt & Whitney TF-33(military desig.for JT-3D)

FAI Record File Num #16481 [Direct Link]
 Status: ratified – retired by changes of the sporting code
 Region: World
 Class: C (Powered Aeroplanes)
 Sub-Class: C-1 (Landplanes)
 Category: Not applicable
 Group: 3 : turbo-jet
 Type of record: Speed over a recognised course
 Performance: 929.30 km/h
 Date: 1962-01-11
 Course/Location: Okinawa (Japan) – Madrid (Spain)
 Claimant Clyde P. Evely (USA)
 Aeroplane: Boeing B-52H
 Engines: 8 Pratt & Whitney TF-33(military desig.for JT-3D)

FAI Record File Num #16483 [Direct Link]
 Status: ratified – retired by changes of the sporting code
 Region: World
 Class: C (Powered Aeroplanes)
 Sub-Class: C-1 (Landplanes)
 Category: Not applicable
 Group: 3 : turbo-jet
 Type of record: Speed over a recognised course
 Performance: 972.75 km/h
 Date: 1962-01-11
 Course/Location: Okinawa (Japan) – Madrid (Spain)
 Claimant Clyde P. Evely (USA)
 Aeroplane: Boeing B-52H (60040)
 Engines: 8 Pratt & Whitney TF-33(military desig.for JT-3D)
...ThisDayinAviation

For the model, I'm going with the Pilsworth B-52H at http://www.papermodelers.com/forum/vbdownloads.php?do=download&downloadid=700
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Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #13 on: January 12, 2018, 01:28:30 PM »
January 12, 1879 British-Zulu War Begins



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The British-Zulu War begins as British troops under Lieutenant General Frederic Augustus invade Zululand from the southern African republic of Natal.

In 1843, Britain succeeded the Boers as the rulers of Natal, which controlled Zululand, the neighboring kingdom of the Zulu people. Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers who came to South Africa in the 17th century. Zulus, a migrant people from the north, also came to southern Africa during the 17th century, settling around the Tugela River region.

In 1838, the Boers, migrating north to elude the new British dominions in the south, first came into armed conflict with the Zulus, who were under the rule of King Dingane at the time. The European migrants succeeded in overthrowing Dingane in 1840, replacing him with his son Mpande, who became a vassal of the new Boer republic of Natal. In 1843, the British took over Natal and Zululand.

In 1872, King Mpande died and was succeeded by his son Cetshwayo, who was determined to resist European domination in his territory. In December 1878, Cetshwayo rejected the British demand that he disband his troops, and in January British forces invaded Zululand to suppress Cetshwayo. The British suffered grave defeats at Isandlwana, where 1,300 British soldiers were killed or wounded, and at Hlobane Mountain, but on March 29 the tide turned in favor of the British at the Battle of Khambula.

At Ulundi in July, Cetshwayo’s forces were utterly routed, and the Zulus were forced to surrender to the British. In 1887, faced with continuing Zulu rebellions, the British formally annexed Zululand, and in 1897 it became a part of Natal, which joined the Union of South Africa in 1910.
...History.com

You can still get the Zio figures at http://web.archive.org/web/20130707142423/http://www.zioprudenzio.it:80/fok-sold.html
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Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #14 on: January 13, 2018, 02:37:11 PM »
January 13, 1128 Pope Recognizes Knights Templar



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On this day in 1128, Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God.

Led by the Frenchman Hughes de Payens, the Knights Templar organization was founded in 1118. Its self-imposed mission was to protect Christian pilgrims on their way to and from the Holy Land during the Crusades, the series of military expeditions aimed at defeating Muslims in Palestine. For a while, the Templars had only nine members, mostly due to their rigid rules. In addition to having noble birth, the knights were required to take strict vows of poverty, obedience and chastity. In 1127, new promotional efforts convinced many more noblemen to join the order, gradually increasing its size and influence.

By the time the Crusades ended unsuccessfully in the early 14th century, the order had grown extremely wealthy, provoking the jealousy of both religious and secular powers. In 1307, King Philip IV of France and Pope Clement V combined to take down the Knights Templar, arresting the grand master, Jacques de Molay, on charges of heresy, sacrilege and Satanism. Under torture, Molay and other leading Templars confessed and were eventually burned at the stake. Clement dissolved the Templars in 1312.

The modern-day Catholic Church has admitted that the persecution of the Knights Templar was unjustified and claimed that Pope Clement was pressured by secular rulers to dissolve the order. Over the centuries, myths and legends about the Templars have grown, including the belief that they may have discovered holy relics at Temple Mount, including the Holy Grail, the Ark of the Covenant or parts of the cross from Christ’s crucifixion. The imagined secrets of the Templars have inspired various books and movies, including the blockbuster novel and film The Da Vinci Code.
  ...History.com

Huh, how did Zio not do a Templar Knight?  JOssorio didn't do a shield.  Can't even find a pirated ABC model. 

I suppose I could do the Tektonten Masonic Medallion, https://tektonten.blogspot.com/2009/03/national-treasure-papercraft-masonic.html

But I guess we'll go with the Ravensblight Broadsword, http://ravensblight.com/Broadsword.html
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Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #15 on: January 14, 2018, 04:59:21 PM »
January 14, 1924 Guy Williams Born



Of course he had two more episodes of Lost in Space than he had of Zorro, so we'll go with Dave's Jupiter II and Chariot at http://davesdesigns.ca/cutandfold/html/specialz.html
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Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #16 on: January 15, 2018, 02:27:08 PM »
January 15, 1559  Elizabeth I Crowned



Quote
Two months after the death of her half-sister, Queen Mary I of England, Elizabeth Tudor, the 25-year-old daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, is crowned Queen Elizabeth I at Westminster Abbey in London.

The two half-sisters, both daughters of Henry VIII, had a stormy relationship during Mary’s five-year reign. Mary, who was brought up as a Catholic, enacted pro-Catholic legislation and made efforts to restore papal supremacy in England. A Protestant rebellion ensued, and Queen Mary imprisoned Elizabeth, a Protestant, in the Tower of London on suspicion of complicity. After Mary’s death, Elizabeth survived several Catholic plots against her; although her ascension was greeted with approval by most of England’s lords, who were largely Protestant and hoped for greater religious tolerance under a Protestant queen. Under the early guidance of Secretary of State Sir William Cecil, Elizabeth repealed Mary’s pro-Catholic legislation, established a permanent Protestant Church of England, and encouraged the Calvinist reformers in Scotland.

In foreign affairs, Elizabeth practiced a policy of strengthening England’s Protestant allies and dividing her foes. Elizabeth was opposed by the pope, who refused to recognize her legitimacy, and by Spain, a Catholic nation that was at the height of its power. In 1588, English-Spanish rivalry led to an abortive Spanish invasion of England in which the Spanish Armada, the greatest naval force in the world at the time, was destroyed by storms and a persistent English navy.

With increasing English domination at sea, Elizabeth encouraged voyages of discovery, such as Sir Francis Drake’s circumnavigation of the world and Sir Walter Raleigh’s expeditions to the North American coast.

The long reign of Elizabeth, who became known as the “Virgin Queen” for her reluctance to endanger her authority through marriage, coincided with the flowering of the English Renaissance, associated with such renowned authors as William Shakespeare. By her death in 1603, England had become a major world power in every respect, and Queen Elizabeth I passed into history as one of England’s greatest monarchs.
...History.com

Okay, she was imprisoned in the Tower of London, but she must have been treated well there, because she stayed in the Tower until the coronation.  By the way, you know those cutesie roofs on the four small towers, those were added by Elizabeth's dad, Henry VIII.  As London became more of a center of commerce, Henry thought the Tower of London needed a make-over.  It was suggested that these additions would add a certain class to the structure without destroying the history.  Not a bad choice.

For the model, I'm going with the Canon model of the Tower of London, http://cp.c-ij.com/en/contents/CNT-0011747/index.html
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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #17 on: January 16, 2018, 01:13:42 PM »
January 16, 1991 Operation Desert Storm Begins



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At midnight in Iraq, the United Nations deadline for the Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait expires, and the Pentagon prepares to commence offensive operations to forcibly eject Iraq from its five-month occupation of its oil-rich neighbor. At 4:30 p.m. EST, the first fighter aircraft were launched from Saudi Arabia and off U.S. and British aircraft carriers in the Persian Gulf on bombing missions over Iraq. All evening, aircraft from the U.S.-led military coalition pounded targets in and around Baghdad as the world watched the events transpire in television footage transmitted live via satellite from Baghdad and elsewhere. At 7:00 p.m., Operation Desert Storm, the code-name for the massive U.S.-led offensive against Iraq, was formally announced at the White House.

The operation was conducted by an international coalition under the command of U.S. General Norman Schwarzkopf and featured forces from 32 nations, including Britain, Egypt, France, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. During the next six weeks, the allied force engaged in a massive air war against Iraq’s military and civil infrastructure, and encountered little effective resistance from the Iraqi air force or air defenses. Iraqi ground forces were helpless during this stage of the war, and Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein’s only significant retaliatory measure was the launching of SCUD missile attacks against Israel and Saudi Arabia. Saddam hoped that the missile attacks would provoke Israel to enter the conflict, thus dissolving Arab support of the war. At the request of the United States, however, Israel remained out of the war.

On February 24, a massive coalition ground offensive began, and Iraq’s outdated and poorly supplied armed forces were rapidly overwhelmed. Kuwait was liberated in less than four days, and a majority of Iraq’s armed forces surrendered, retreated into Iraq, or were destroyed. On February 28, President George H.W. Bush declared a cease-fire, and Iraq pledged to honor future coalition and U.N. peace terms. One hundred and twenty-five American soldiers were killed in the Persian Gulf War, with another 21 regarded as missing in action.

On March 20, 2003, a second war between Iraq and a U.S.-led coalition began, this time with the stated U.S. objective of removing Saddam Hussein from power and, ostensibly, finding and destroying the country’s weapons of mass destruction. Hussein was captured by a U.S. military unit on December 13, 2003. No weapons of mass destruction were found. Although U.S. President George W. Bush declared an end to major combat operations in Iraq on May 1, 2003, an insurgency has continued an intense guerrilla war in the nation that has resulted in thousands of coalition military, insurgent and civilian deaths.
  ...History.com

The audacity of Saddam Hussein in provoking the first gulf war is amazing.  Although it gets swept under the rug, his attack on Kuwait was in response to 'directional drilling' by Kuwait, stealing Iraqi oil.  But in spite of practically the whole world warning him of the consequences, he wouldn't back off.  Some of the most-extensive tank battles in history took place during the conflict.  Artillery from the ground and ships.  Iraqi Scud rockets.  All of the airstrikes.  But until you have boots on the ground, you haven't won.  I wouldn't say things would have ended differently without one particular aircraft, but things would certainly taken a lot longer without the close air support of the A-10.

So, I'm going to choose it for the model today, https://www.ecardmodels.com/index.php/1-54-a-10-thunderbolt-ii-paper-model.html



So ugly and so beautiful
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Dave Winfield

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #18 on: January 16, 2018, 04:47:55 PM »
DAVE WINFIELD - GO TO WWW.CUTANDFOLD.INFO FOR MY DESIGNS AND LOTSA FREE STUFF!

Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #19 on: January 16, 2018, 06:50:26 PM »
Yes, you do, and that's the one I am going to request on my birthday in May
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Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #20 on: January 17, 2018, 04:18:48 PM »
January 17, 1953  Corvette Prototype Unveiled



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On this day in 1953, a prototype Chevrolet Corvette sports car makes its debut at General Motors’ (GM) Motorama auto show at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. The Corvette, named for a fast type of naval warship, would eventually become an iconic American muscle car and remains in production today.

In the early 1950s, Harley Earl (1893-1969), the influential head designer for GM, then the world’s largest automaker, became interested in developing a two-seat sports car. At the time, European automakers dominated the sports car market. Following the debut of the Corvette prototype at the Motorama show in January 1953, the first production Corvette was completed at a Flint, Michigan, plant on June 30, 1953. The car featured an all-fiberglass body, a white exterior and red interior, a relatively unremarkable 150-horsepower engine and a starting price tag of around $3,500 (not including taxes or an optional AM radio and heater). In an effort to give the Corvette an air of exclusivity, GM initially marketed the car to invitation-only VIP customers. This plan met with less-than-desirable results, as only a portion of the 300 Corvettes built that first year were sold. GM dropped the VIP policy the following year; however, Corvette sales continued to disappoint. In 1954, GM built around 3,600 of the 10,000 Corvettes it had planned, with almost a third of those cars remaining unsold by the start of 1955.

There was talk within GM of discontinuing the Corvette; however, GM rival Ford launched the sporty two-seat Thunderbird convertible in 1955 and the car quickly became a hit. GM didn’t want to discontinue the Corvette and look like a failure next to its Big Three competitor, so the car remained in production and performance enhancements were made. That same year, a Belgian-born, Russian-raised designer named Zora Arkus-Duntov became head engineer for Corvette and put the car on a course that would transform it into a legend. Duntov had applied to work at GM after seeing the Corvette prototype at the 1953 Motorama show. According to The New York Times: “Once hired, he pushed through the decision to turn the Corvette into a high-performance sports car with a succession of more powerful engines. Chevrolet offered a 195-horsepower engine on the 1955 Corvette, a 240-horsepower engine on the 1956 Corvette and a 283-horsepower engine on the 1957 model.” During the second half of the 1950s, Corvettes began setting speed records on the racing circuit. The car also got a publicity boost when it was featured on the TV show “Route 66,” which launched in 1960 and followed the story of two young men driving around America in a Corvette, looking for adventure.

In 1977, the 500,000th Corvette was built. Two years later, according to the Times, yearly Corvette production peaked at 53,807. In 1992, the 1-milllionth Corvette came off the assembly line in Bowling Green, Kentucky; the 1.5-millionth Corvette followed in 2009.
...History.com



Unfortunately, the earliest version of the Corvette I could find is 1962, http://web.archive.org/web/20120716171254/http://www.daytona-mag.com/papercraft/
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Vermin King

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Re: January (2018)
« Reply #21 on: January 18, 2018, 12:25:53 PM »
January 18, 1911 First Ship Landing of Aircraft



Quote
Taking off from the U.S. Army’s Selfridge Field (the closed Tanforan race track at San Bruno, California) at approximately 10:45 a.m., Eugene Burton Ely flew his Curtiss-Ely pusher to San Francisco Bay where he landed aboard the armored cruiser USS Pennsylvania (ACR-4) as it lay at anchor.

A temporary wooden deck had been erected aboard the ship at the Mare Island shipyard. Built of wood, it was 133 feet, 7 inches (40.7 meters) long and 31 feet, 6 inches (9.6 meters) wide. Twenty-two manila hemp cables were stretched across the deck at 3-foot (0.9-meter) intervals. These were to catch hooks mounted beneath Ely’s airplane and drag it to a stop. Each cable had a 50-pound (22.7 kilogram) sand bag at each end. The bags were precisely weighed so that the Curtiss would not slew to one side.  A guideway was laid out on the deck with 2-inch × 4-inch (5 × 10 centimeter) planks, and 2-foot (0.6-meter) high barriers were at each edge of the flight deck.

Captain Charles Fremont Pond, commanding Pennsylvania, offered to take the ship to sea in order that Ely would have the advantage of a head wind down the flight deck, but as winds in the bay were 10 to 15 miles per hour (4.5–6.7 meters per second), Ely elected to have the cruiser remain anchored.

About ten minutes after Ely took off, he was overhead the anchored ship. He set up his approach and when he was approximately 75 feet (23 meters) astern of Pennsylvania, he cut his engine and glided to a landing. The airplane was flying at about 40 miles per hour (64 kilometers per hour) when the hooks engaged the cables, which quickly slowed it to a stop. Eugene B. Ely landed aboard USS Pennsylvania at 11:01 a.m

This was the very first time that an airplane had landed aboard a ship. The use of arresting wires would become common with aircraft carrier operations.

Ely and his wife, Mabel, were guests of Captain Pond for lunch. Photographs were taken and 57 minutes after his landing, he took off for the return flight to Selfridge Field.

Ely unsuccessfully tried to interest the Navy in employing him as an aviator. He and Mabel traveled the country, “barnstorming,” making flight demonstrations and entering aviation meets. He was killed at Macon, Georgia, 19 October 1911, when he was unable to pull out of a dive.
...ThisDayinAviation

You can get your Curtiss Pusher at http://www.papermodelers.com/forum/vbdownloads.php?do=download&downloadid=808

I also want to thank WAG for pointing me to this model last year
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